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Attitudes Towards Immigration: Does Economic Self-Interest Matter?

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Author Info

  • Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj

    ()
    (University of Southern Denmark)

  • Munch, Jakob R.

    ()
    (University of Copenhagen)

  • Schroll, Sanne

    ()
    (University of Southern Denmark)

  • Skaksen, Jan Rose

    ()
    (Copenhagen Business School)

Abstract

In this paper, we re-examine the role of economic self-interest in shaping people’s attitudes towards immigration, using data from the European Social Survey 2002/2003. Compared to the existing literature, there are two main contributions of the present paper. First, we develop a more powerful test of the hypothesis that a positive relationship between education and attitudes towards immigration reflects economic self-interest in the labour market. Second, we develop an alternative and more direct test of whether economic self-interest matters for people’s attitudes towards immigration. We find that while the "original" relationship between education and attitudes found in the literature is unlikely to reflect economic self-interest, there is considerable evidence of economic self-interest when using the more direct test.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2283.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Economics Letters, 2008, 100 (2), 254-257
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2283

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Keywords: economic self-interest; immigration; attitudes;

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References

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  1. Christian Dustmann & Ian Preston, 2004. "Is Immigration Good or Bad for the Economy? Analysis of Attitudinal Responses," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0406, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Tito Boeri & Herbert Brücker, 2005. "Why are Europeans so tough on migrants?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 20(44), pages 629-703, October.
  3. Dustmann, Christian & Preston, Ian, 2000. "Racial and Economic Factors in Attitudes to Immigration," IZA Discussion Papers 190, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Giovanni Facchini & Anna Maria Mayda, 2006. "Individual Attitudes towards Immigrants: Welfare-State Determinants across Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 1768, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Per Krusell & Lee E. Ohanian & Jose-Victor Rios-Rull & Giovanni L. Violante, 1997. "Capital-skill complementarity and inequality: a macroeconomic analysis," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 239, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  6. Kenneth F. Scheve & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2001. "Labor Market Competition And Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(1), pages 133-145, February.
  7. Jens Hainmueller & Michael J. Hiscox, 2005. "Educated Preferences: Explaining Attitudes Toward Immigration in Europe," Others, EconWPA 0505013, EconWPA.
  8. David Card & Christian Dustmann & Ian Preston, 2005. "Understanding attitudes to immigration: The migration and minority module of the first European Social Survey," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0503, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
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Cited by:
  1. Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj & Munch, Jakob Roland & Schroll, Sanne & Rose Skaksen, Jan, 2007. "Explaning Cross-Country Differences in Attitudes towards Immigration in the EU-15," Working Papers, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Economics 05-2007, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Economics.
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00586821 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. TIIU PAAS & Olga Demidova, 2013. "How people perceive immigrants? role in their country?s life: a comparative study of Estonia and Russia," ERSA conference papers ersa13p569, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Chi-Chur Chao & Bharat R. Hazari & Jean-Pierre Laffargue, 2008. "A simple theory of the optimal number of immigrants," PSE Working Papers, HAL halshs-00586821, HAL.
  5. VALENTOVA Marie & BERZOSA Guayarmina, 2010. "Attitudes toward immigrants in Luxembourg - Do contacts matter?," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2010-20, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  6. Tremewan, James, 2009. "Beliefs about the Economic Impact of Immigration," TSE Working Papers, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) 09-019, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  7. VALENTOVA Marie & ALIEVA Aigul, 2010. "Immigration as a Threat: The Effect of Gender Differences Among Luxembourg Residents with and without a Migration History," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2010-21, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  8. Demidova, Olga, 2012. "The European residents' attitude towards immigrants: A comparative analysis based on the ESS data," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 28(4), pages 23-34.

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