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Wirksamkeit der Förderung der beruflichen Weiterbildung vor und nach den Hartz-Reformen

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  • Bonin, Holger

    ()
    (ZEW Mannheim)

  • Schneider, Hilmar

    ()
    (CEPS/INSTEAD)

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag analysiert die Wirksamkeit der Förderung beruflicher Weiterbildung im Rah-men der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik vor und nach den Hartz-Reformen. Ergebnisse der bei flächendeckenden Arbeitsmarktreformen in Deutschland erstmals offiziell durchgeführten Wirkungsanalyse deuten auf sehr unterschiedliche Effizienz verschiedener Maßnahmetypen. Vor Inkrafttreten der Reform waren insbesondere lange Maßnahmen mit anerkanntem Be-rufsabschluss unwirksam. Danach hat sich die Effizienz fast aller Weiterbildungsmaßnahmen spürbar verbessert. Dies beruht auf besserem Qualitätsmanagement, stärkerem Wettbewerb unter den Bildungsträgern und mehr Konsumentensouveränität. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of occupational training programs for the unemployed before and after the substantial amendments in German labor market legislation known as Hartz reforms. Based on the official evaluation of the reforms, we show that program impacts vary much across different types of training. Before the reform, especially long-term training to a new occupation was not effective. It appears that the effectiveness of most training measures has substantially improved after the reform. This is due to the introduction of better quality management, stronger competition among the suppliers of training, and more freedom of choice for the unemployed.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2069.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter, 2006, 53 (2), 155-165
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2069

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Keywords: Germany; Hartz-Reforms; occupational training; program evaluation;

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References

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  1. Miquel, Ruth & Lechner, Michael & Wunsch, Conny, 2005. "Long-Run Effects of Public Sector Sponsored Training in West Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 05-02, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Speckesser, Stefan, 2000. "Zur wissenschaftlichen Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Ein Überblick," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 00-06, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Hujer, Reinhard & Fitzenberger, Bernd, 2002. "Stand und Perspektiven der Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 02-13, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Schneider, Hilmar & Brenke, Karl & Kaiser, Lutz C. & Steinwede, Jacob & Jesske, Birgit & Uhlendorff, Arne, 2006. "Report No. 7: Evaluation der Maßnahmen zur Umsetzung der Vorschläge der Hartz-Kommission - Bericht 2005," IZA Research Reports, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 7, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Bonin, Holger & Kempe, Wolfram & Schneider, Hilmar, 2002. "Kombilohn oder Workfare? Zur Wirksamkeit zweier arbeitsmarktpolitischer Strategien," IZA Discussion Papers 587, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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Cited by:
  1. René Fahr & Uwe Sunde, 2009. "Did the Hartz Reforms Speed-Up the Matching Process? A Macro-Evaluation Using Empirical Matching Functions," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 10, pages 284-316, 08.
  2. Gerd Heyer & Susanne Koch & Gesine Stephan & Joachim Wolff, 2012. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011," Journal of Labour Market Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 41-62, March.
  3. Heyer, Gerd & Koch, Susanne & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2011. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011 (Evaluation of active labor market programs : a summary of recent results for the German program refo," IAB Discussion Paper, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 201117, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

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