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Unwilling or Unable? Spatial, Institutional and Socio-Economic Restrictions on Females' Labor Market Access

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Author Info

  • van Ham, Maarten

    ()
    (Delft University of Technology)

  • Büchel, Felix

    (Max Planck Institute for Human Development)

Abstract

We analyze the effects of regional structures on both females’ willingness to work and the probability of being employed for those willing to work. Special permission was granted to link regional data to individual respondents in the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). Results of a bivariate probit model correcting for sample selection show that high regional unemployment discourages women from entering the labor market. Those who are willing to work find it easier to do so if living in regions with low regional unemployment rates, short distances to the next agglomeration, and – for mothers – a high density of childcare provision.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1034.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in:Regional Studies, 2006, 40(3), 1-12
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1034

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Related research

Keywords: Germany; bivariate probit model; childcare provision; regional labor markets; female labor supply;

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References

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  1. Manski, C.F., 1992. "Identification Problems in the Social Sciences," Working papers 9217, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  2. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  3. Van de Ven, Wynand P. M. M. & Van Praag, Bernard M. S., 1981. "The demand for deductibles in private health insurance : A probit model with sample selection," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 229-252, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Beate Grundig, 2008. "Why is the share of women willing to work in East Germany larger than in West Germany? A logit model of extensive labour supply decision," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 56, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.

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