Females' Willingness to Work and the Discouragement Effect of a Poor Local Childcare Provision
AbstractWe analyze the effects of regional structures on females’ willingness to work as well as on the probability that non-employed women who are willing to work actually will engage in job search. Special permission was granted to link regional data to individual respondents in the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Results of a bivariate probit model correcting for sample selection show that high regional unemployment discourages women from entering the labor market. Further, findings indicate that women with young children are willing to work, but that women with young children and mothers who are unhappy with the regional childcare provision are the least likely to look for a job. These findings indicate that high institutional and spatial barriers discourage mothers from entering employment.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1220.
Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Applied Economics Quarterly, 2004, 50 (4), 363 - 378
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-08-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-DCM-2004-08-09 (Discrete Choice Models)
- NEP-GEO-2004-08-09 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-HEA-2004-08-09 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAB-2004-08-09 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2004-08-09 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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