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Does sex education influence sexual and reproductive behaviour of women? Evidence from Mexico

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  • Pamela Ortiz Arévalo

    (Universidad de Alicante)

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    Abstract

    This article examines the influence of sex education on sexual and reproductive behavior in Mexican women. Exposure to in-school sex education is identified and duration-hazard models are estimated to assess its effects on initiation of sexual activity and use of contraception methods, and timing of first and second pregnancies. Results consistently reveal that women exposed to sex education begin using contraception methods earlier. Most evidence indicates that exposed women initiate sexual activity earlier. Findings suggest that timing of first pregnancy is not affected and that second pregnancy is postponed. Overall, outcomes from this study support the idea that sex education contributes to promote preventive sexual health.

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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasad/wpasad-2009-01.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2009
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie AD with number 2009-01.

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    Length: 32 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2009
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published by Ivie
    Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasad:2009-01

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    Related research

    Keywords: Sex education; female sexual health; reproductive behavior;

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    1. Paton, David, 2002. "The economics of family planning and underage conceptions," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 207-225, March.
    2. Alfonso Miranda, 2006. "Are young cohorts of women delaying first birth in Mexico?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 55-70, February.
    3. Gerald S. Oettinger, 1999. "The Effects of Sex Education on Teen Sexual Activity and Teen Pregnancy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 606-635, June.
    4. Carol Horton Tremblay & Davina C. Ling, 2005. "AIDS education, condom demand, and the sexual activity of American youth," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(8), pages 851-867.
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