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Segmentation du marché du travail - le cas luxembourgeois

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  • LEDUC Kristell
  • GENEVOIS Anne-Sophie
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    Abstract

    Les théories de la segmentation remettent en cause l?unicité et l'homogénéité du marché du travail, en stipulant au contraire qu?il existe plusieurs segments cloisonnés, les uns étant rémunérateurs et offrant une stabilité et une sécurisation des carrières professionnelles (marché primaire) et les autres étant, au contraire, synonymes de faibles salaires, d'instabilité professionnelle et de précarité financière (marché secondaire). Si de nombreux travaux et études ont cherché à mettre en évidence l'existence d'une segmentation du marché du travail, aucune recherche n'a été menée sur cette question au Luxembourg. Cette publication a donc pour objectif de chercher à savoir si le marché du travail luxembourgeois est un marché segmenté et, le cas échéant, de qualifier et de quantifier les différents segments. Dans cette étude, l?examen de la revue de littérature montre qu?il existe des conceptions du phénomène différentes et que la segmentation peut se révéler à trois niveaux différents : le niveau entreprise, le niveau emploi et le niveau salarié. En testant empiriquement l?hypothèse de la segmentation au Luxembourg à partir du niveau d?analyse des emplois, les résultats de nos analyses mettent en lumière 8 groupes d?emplois sur le marché du travail. Ces 8 groupes peuvent néanmoins être regroupés en 3 catégories. La 1ère et la 2ème catégorie renvoient aux marchés primaire et secondaire énoncés par la théorie duale de la segmentation alors que la 3e catégorie, que l?on qualifie de marché intermédiaire, regroupe des emplois présentant des caractéristiques aussi bien du marché primaire que secondaire.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CEPS/INSTEAD in its series CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series with number 2012-35.

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    Length: 32 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:irs:cepswp:2012-35

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    Keywords: marché du travail; segmentation;

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    1. Dickens, William T & Lang, Kevin, 1988. "Labor Market Segmentation and the Union Wage Premium," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(3), pages 527-30, August.
    2. Thomas D. Boston, 1990. "Segmented labor markets: New evidence from a study of four race-gender groups," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 44(1), pages 99-115, October.
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    7. Michael J. Piore, 1978. "Dualism in the Labor Market : A Response to Uncertainty and Flux. The Case of France," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 29(1), pages 26-48.
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    11. Leontaridi, Marianthi Rannia, 1998. " Segmented Labour Markets: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 63-101, February.
    12. Michel Gollac & Christian Baudelot, 1993. "Salaires et conditions de travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 265(1), pages 65-84.
    13. Paul Osterman, 1975. "An empirical study of labor market segmentation," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 28(4), pages 508-523, July.
    14. Étienne Wasmer, 2001. "Changements de composition de la force de travail et dualisme," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 133-148.
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    16. Piore, Michael J, 1983. "Labor Market Segmentation: To What Paradigm Does It Belong?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(2), pages 249-53, May.
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