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Determinantes del Desempleo en Paraguay

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  • Juan Eduardo Coeymans.

    ()
    (Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.)

Abstract

En este artículo se describe cómo se determina la tasa de desempleo de la economía de Paraguay en el periodo 1985-2007. En el modelo teórico se supone la existencia de rigideces salariales que generan desempleo de tipo involuntario, los salarios son el resultado de un proceso de negociación entre trabajadores y dueños del capital y el poder de negociación salarial de los trabajadores depende negativamente del desempleo. Al combinar las ecuaciones de demanda de trabajo, de reacción salarial y la identidad de la tasa de desempleo, se puede obtener una ecuación de forma semireducida para determinar el desempleo, el cual depende del crecimiento del stock de capital y de la oferta de trabajo. El enfoque teórico es validado ampliamente en el análisis empírico, obteniéndose signos de acuerdo a lo esperado y aceptándose las restricciones teóricas sobre los coeficientes. El cumplimiento de estas restricciones está condicionado al uso de población en edad de trabajar como sustituto de la fuerza de trabajo.

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File URL: http://www.economia.puc.cl/docs/dt_344.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 344.

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Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ioe:doctra:344

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Keywords: Mercado laboral; desempleo; Paraguay;

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  1. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Lawrence Katz, 1999. "Wage Dynamics: Reconciling Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 6924, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Olivier Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1996. "What We Know and Do Not Know About the Natural Rate of Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 5822, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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