A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Change: Confirmation Bias in Financial Markets
AbstractThis paper proposes a dynamic model of financial markets where some investors are prone to the confirmation bias. Following insights from the psychological literature, these agents are assumed to amplify signals that are consistent with their prior views. In a model with public information only, this assumption provides a rationale for the volume-based price momentum documented by Lee and Swaminathan (2000). Our results are also consistent with a variety of other empirically documented phenomena such as bubbles, crashes, reversals and excess price volatility and volume. Novel empirical predictions are derived: i) return continuation should be stronger when biased traders' beliefs are more extreme, and ii) return continuation should be stronger after an increase in trading volume. The implications of our model for short-term quantitative investments are twofold: i) optimal trading strategies involve riding bubbles, and that ii) contrarian trading can be optimal in some market circumstances.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 720.
Date of creation: Mar 2012
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financial markets; psychological biases; confirmation bias; momentum; reversal; bubbles; trading strategies;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-05-29 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2012-05-29 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-NEU-2012-05-29 (Neuroeconomics)
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Weekly Roundup 186: A Curated Linkfest For The Smartest People On The Web!
by Miguel in Simoleon Sense on 2012-09-16 04:29:18
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