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Colombia: Los problemas de competitividad de un país en conflicto

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  • Alberto Melo
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    Abstract

    La persistencia del conflicto interno en Colombia inhibe todos los elementos principales que contribuyen a la determinación de la competitividad de la economía nacional, que son los siguientes: (i) el monto de sus recursos productivos; (ii) la calidad y productividad de los mismos; (iii) la eficiencia con que operan sus mercados; (iv) el estado de su infraestructura; (v) la capacidad de innovación tecnológica de sus empresas y la productividad de su sistema nacional de innovación; (vi) la percepción existente entre los inversionistas acerca de su estabilidad macroeconómica de largo plazo; (vii) la fortaleza de sus instituciones, y (viii) la percepción de los inversionistas acerca de su estabilidad política de largo plazo. Por consecuencia, los puntos que definen la agenda de temas cruciales para elevar la competitividad del país son los siguientes: i) la solución al conflicto interno; ii) la creación de un ambiente institucional favorable a la inversión y al crecimiento; iii) la restauración del equilibrio fiscal; iv) la transformación del sistema financiero y los mercados de capital en palancas efectivas de desarrollo; y v) la promoción de la innovación tecnológica y la adopción de nuevas tecnologías.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 1002.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2003
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    Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:1002

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    1. Francisco Rodríguez, 2004. "Inequality, Redistribution, And Rent-Seeking," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16, pages 287-320, November.
    2. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert Vishny, 1998. "The Quality of Goverment," NBER Working Papers 6727, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Becker, Gary S, 1983. "A Theory of Competition among Pressure Groups for Political Influence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 98(3), pages 371-400, August.
    4. Ugo Panizza, 2001. "Electoral Rules, Political Systems, and Institutional Quality," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 311-342, November.
    5. Weingast, Barry R & Shepsle, Kenneth A & Johnsen, Christopher, 1981. "The Political Economy of Benefits and Costs: A Neoclassical Approach to Distributive Politics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(4), pages 642-64, August.
    6. W. J. Henisz, 2000. "The Institutional Environment for Economic Growth," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 1-31, 03.
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