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The AMU Deviation Indicators Based on the Purchasing Power Parity and Adjusted by the Balassa-Samuelson Effect

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  • Eiji Ogawa
  • Zhiqian Wang
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    Abstract

    This paper investigates how the AMU Deviation Indicators for surveillance measurements among East Asian currencies are improved by changing their benchmark rates from the constant rates in 2000-2001 to time-varying rates based on their Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs). The Consumer Price Indexes (CPIs) are used to calculate their PPPs as a time-varying benchmark for the AMU Deviation Indicators. Because the CPIs include prices of non-tradable goods, the PPPs based on the CPIs have a problem related with the Balassa-Samuelson effect. For the reason, the PPPs adjusted by the Balassa-Samuelson effect should be used to calculate the AMU Deviation Indicators when the CPIs are used as price data. This paper compares the two types of the PPP-based AMU Deviation Indicators and the PPP-based AMU Deviation Indicators adjusted by the Balassa-Samuelson effect. We conclude that both the PPP- based AMU Deviation Indicators and the PPP-based AMU Deviation Indicators adjusted by the Balassa-Samuelson effect are also useful in making surveillance over overvaluation or undervaluation of the intra-regional exchange rates of East Asian currencies.

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    File URL: http://gcoe.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/research/discussion/2008/pdf/gd12-255.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series with number gd12-255.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:hst:ghsdps:gd12-255

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    Keywords: Asian Monetary Unit; AMU Deviation Indicators; Purchasing Power Parity; Balassa-Samuelson Effect; Regional Monetary Cooperation;

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    References

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    1. Eiji Ogawa & Michiru Sakane, 2006. "Chinese Yuan after Chinese Exchange Rate System Reform," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 14(6), pages 39-57.
    2. Masahiro Kawai & Shinji Takagi, 2005. "Towards regional monetary cooperation in East Asia: lessons from other parts of the world," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(2), pages 97-116.
    3. Bela Balassa, 1964. "The Purchasing-Power Parity Doctrine: A Reappraisal," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 584.
    4. Krugman, Paul R., 1978. "Purchasing power parity and exchange rates : Another look at the evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 397-407, August.
    5. Ogawa, Eiji & Shimizu, Junko, 2006. "Stabilization of effective exchange rates under common currency basket systems," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 590-611, December.
    6. Eiji Ogawa & Junko Shimizu, 2006. "Stabilization of Effective Exchange Rates Under Common Currency Basket Systems," NBER Working Papers 12198, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Eiji Ogawa & Michiru Sakane, 2006. "The Chinese Yuan after the Chinese Exchange Rate System Reform," Discussion papers 06019, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. Balassa, Bela, 1973. "Just How Misleading are Official Exchange Rate Conversions?: Comment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 83(332), pages 1258-67, December.
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