Does shadow education help students prepare for college?
AbstractHigh school students, across the world, prepare for college by participating in shadow education. Despite substantial investments in shadow education, however, little is known about whether it helps students prepare for college. The goal of our study is to provide rigorous evidence about the causal impacts of participating in shadow education on college preparation. We analyze unique data from Russia using a cross-subject student fixed effects model. We find that participating in shadow education positively impacts high-achieving students but not low-achieving students. Participating in shadow education further does not lead students to substitute time away from other out-of-school studies. Instead, the results suggest that low-achieving students participate in low-quality shadow education, which, in turn, contributes to inequality in college access
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Research University Higher School of Economics in its series HSE Working papers with number WP BRP 15/EDU/2014.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 2014
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in WP BRP Series: Education / EDU, January 2014, pages 1-25
shadow education; private tutoring; college access; inequality; causal methods;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-02-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-CIS-2014-02-02 (Confederation of Independent States)
- NEP-CWA-2014-02-02 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-EDU-2014-02-02 (Education)
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