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Testing for Panel Cointegration in an Error Correction Framework - with an Application to the Fisher Hypothesis

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Author Info

  • Månsson, Kristofer

    (Department of Economics, Finance and Statistics)

  • Shukur, Ghazi

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Finance and Statistics)

  • Sjölander, Pär

    (Department of Economics, Finance and Statistics)

Abstract

In this paper, three innovative panel error correction model (PECM) tests are proposed. These tests are based on the multivariate versions of the Wald (W), Likelihood Ratio (LR) and Lagrange Multiplier (LM) tests. By means of Monte Carlo simulations, the size and power properties of the tests are investigated when the error terms exhibit both cross-sectional dependence and independence. We find that the LM test is the best option when the error terms follow independent white-noise processes. However, regarding the more empirically relevant case of cross-sectional dependence, we conclude that the W test is the optimal choice. In contrast to previous studies, our method is general and does not rely on the strict assumption that a common factor causes the cross-sectional dependency. In an empirical application our method is also demonstrated as regards to the Fisher effect – a hypothesis about whose existence is still no clear consensus. Based on a sample of the Nordic countries, we utilize our powerful test and discover evidence which, in contrast to most previous research, confirms the Fisher effect.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HUI Research in its series HUI Working Papers with number 72.

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Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: 31 Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:huiwps:0072

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Keywords: Panel Cointegration; Error Correction; Fisher Hypothesis; Multivariate Tests; Size and Power;

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References

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  1. Rolf Larsson & Johan Lyhagen & Mickael Lothgren, 2001. "Likelihood-based cointegration tests in heterogeneous panels," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 4(1), pages 41.
  2. Koustas, Z., Serletis, A., 1998. "On the Fisher Effect," Papers 98-09, Calgary - Department of Economics.
  3. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2007. "A simple panel unit root test in the presence of cross-section dependence," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(2), pages 265-312.
  4. Granger, C. W. J., 1981. "Some properties of time series data and their use in econometric model specification," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 121-130, May.
  5. Peter C. B. Phillips & Donggyu Sul, 2003. "Dynamic panel estimation and homogeneity testing under cross section dependence *," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 6(1), pages 217-259, 06.
  6. Joakim Westerlund, 2008. "Panel cointegration tests of the Fisher effect," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(2), pages 193-233.
  7. Noor Ghazali & Shamshubariah Ramlee, 2003. "A long memory test of the long-run Fisher effect in the G7 countries," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(10), pages 763-769.
  8. Zivot, Eric, 1994. "A Bayesian Analysis Of The Unit Root Hypothesis Within An Unobserved Components Model," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 10(3-4), pages 552-578, August.
  9. Carl Bonham, 1990. "Correct Cointegration Tests of the Long Run Relationship Between Nominal Interest and Inflation," Working Papers 199026, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  10. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2001. "A PANIC Attack on Unit Roots and Cointegration," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 519, Boston College Department of Economics.
  11. Athina Kanioura & Paul Turner, 2005. "Critical values for an F-test for cointegration in a multivariate model," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(3), pages 265-270.
  12. repec:clg:wpaper:1998-09 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Frank J. Atkins & Apostolos Serletis, 2003. "Bounds Tests of the Gibson Paradox and the Fisher Effect: Evidence from Low-Frequency International Data," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 71(6), pages 673-679, December.
  14. Steven Cook, 2006. "The power of single equation tests for cointegration," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(5), pages 265-267.
  15. Rose, Andrew Kenan, 1988. " Is the Real Interest Rate Stable?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(5), pages 1095-1112, December.
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