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Dynamique des territoires et création d'entreprises : une analyse des départements français en 2008

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  • Nadine Levratto

    ()
    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, Euromed Marseille - École de management - Association Euromed Management - Marseille)

  • Denis Carré

    ()
    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)

  • Messaoud Zouikri

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)

Abstract

Ce texte cherche à déterminer si et dans quelle mesure le territoire fait partie des facteurs explicatifs de la création d'entreprises. Cette possibilité est étayée par le fait que le territoire est tout d'abord support d'infrastructures, de ressources et d'organisations. Il est également le lieu de concentration d'éléments plus invisibles et d'un milieu entrepreneurial qui orientent aussi les dynamiques de création. La nouveauté de la démarche proposée réside dans la comparaison entre le pouvoir explicatif de ces différents éléments pris isolément et l'effet géographique calculé à partir de la méthode structurelle-résiduelle. La démarche est appliquée à l'étude du taux de création d'entreprises des départements français en 2008. Elle montre qu'à côté des facteurs habituel s liés aux caractéristiques de la population et des structures, la dynamique intrinsèque du territoire est un facteur explicatif de la performance entrepreneuriale et que son influence varie selon l'activité des entreprises nouvellement créées.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00840365.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00840365

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Keywords: création d'entreprises; départements français; effet géographique; facteurs invisibles;

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