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The mechanisms of agglomeration: Evidence from the effect of inter-industry relations on the location of new firms

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  • Jofre-Monseny, Jordi
  • Marín-López, Raquel
  • Viladecans-Marsal, Elisabet

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to explore the relative importance of each of Marshall's agglomeration mechanisms by examining the location of new manufacturing firms in Spain. In particular, we estimate the count of new firms by industry and location as a function of (pre-determined) local employment levels in industries that: (1) use similar workers (labor market pooling); (2) have a customer-supplier relationship (input sharing); and (3) use similar technologies (knowledge spillovers). We examine the variation in the creation of new firms across cities and across municipalities within large cities to shed light on the geographical scope of each of the three agglomeration mechanisms. We find evidence of all three agglomeration mechanisms, although their incidence differs depending on the geographical scale of the analysis.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 70 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2-3 (September)
Pages: 61-74

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:70:y:2011:i:2-3:p:61-74

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

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Keywords: Agglomeration economies Co-agglomeration Labor market pooling Input sharing Knowledge spillovers;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tabuchi, Takatoshi & Thisse, Jacques-François & Zhu, Xiwei, 2014. "Technological Progress and Economic Geography," CEPR Discussion Papers 9901, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. repec:wyi:journl:002193 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Nadine Levratto & Denis Carré & Messaoud Zouikri, 2013. "Dynamique des territoires et création d’entreprises : une analyse des départements français en 2008. Local dynamics and firms creation: an analysis of French departments in 2008," EconomiX Working Papers 2013-18, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.
  4. Jordi Jofre-Monseny & Raquel Marín-López & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal, 2012. "What underlies localization and urbanization economies? Evidence from the location of new firms," Working Papers 2012/9, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  5. Augusto Cerqua & Guido Pellegrini, 2014. "Beyond the SUTVA: how policy evaluations change when we allow for interactions among firms," Working Papers 2/14, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
  6. Giulio Cainelli & Sandro Montresor & Giuseppi Vittucci Marzetti, 2013. "Spatial agglomeration and firm exit: a spatial dynamic analysis for Italian provinces," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0173, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  7. Todd M. Gabe & Jaison R. Abel, 2013. "Shared knowledge and the coagglomeration of occupations," Staff Reports 612, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  8. Giulia Faggio & Olmo Silva & William C. Strange, 2014. "Heterogeneous Agglomeration," SERC Discussion Papers 0152, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  9. Nadine Levratto & Denis Carré & Messaoud Zouikri, 2013. "Dynamique des territoires et création d'entreprises : une analyse des départements français en 2008," Working Papers halshs-00840365, HAL.
  10. Peng, Ling & Hong, Yongmiao, 2013. "Productivity spillovers among linked sectors," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 44-61.
  11. Daniel J. Graham & David C. Maré, 2010. "Agglomeration elasticities and firm heterogeneity," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 33505, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  12. Ghani, Ejaz & Kanbur, Ravi & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2013. "Urbanization and agglomeration benefits : gender differentiated impacts on enterprise creation in India's informal sector," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6553, The World Bank.
  13. Mark J. Kutzbach, 2010. "Access to Workers or Employers? An Intra-Urban Analysis of Plant Location Decisions," Working Papers 10-21r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau, revised Sep 2012.
  14. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, 2012. "Driving Up Wages: The Effects of Road Construction in Great Britain," SERC Discussion Papers 0120, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  15. Gabriel, Stuart A. & Rosenthal, Stuart S., 2013. "Urbanization, agglomeration economies, and access to mortgage credit," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 42-50.

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