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L’influence de l’environnement socio-économique sur la création d’entreprises dans le secteur TIC:le cas de la France

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Author Info

  • Frank Lasch

    ()
    (Groupe Sup de Co Montpellier)

  • Frédéric Le Roy

    (Université de Montpellier 1)

  • Saïd Yami

    (Université de Montpellier 1)

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    Abstract

    (VF)Malgré l’importance croissante du secteur des TIC dans les économies contemporaines, aucune recherche n’a été spécifiquement centrée sur les déterminants de la création d’entreprises dans ce secteur. L’objectif de cette étude est de combler ce vide, en se centrant sur un déterminant particulier, l’environnement socio-économique. Un modèle de régression multiple appliqué à la population totale des entreprises créées entre 1993 et 2001 en France montre que les déterminants clés de la création d’entreprise TIC sont l’infrastructure en R&D, la présence d’entreprises de même type, l’existence de grandes entreprises et l’augmentation de la demande.(VA)Even if the impact of the local socio-economic context on firm birth rates is not to be demonstrated, empirical studies for the ICT sector in France are almost completely lacking. The present article studies the entire population of new firms created between 1993 and 2001 in the 348 French labour market areas (84535 firms). This exhaustive data set has not been exploited by former research studies. The results identify four major determinants of ICT firm birth:R&D infrastructure, the presence of similar firms in the local network, the presence of large firms in general and finally a significant population growth (increasing market demand).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by revues.org in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

    Volume (Year): 8 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 73-107

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    Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:8:y:2005:i:q1:p:73-107

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    Related research

    Keywords: TIC; création d’entreprises; déterminants; externalités de savoir; environnement socio-économique; ICT; new firms; entrepreneurship; SME; socio-economic environment;

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