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The role of family incomes in cigarette smoking: Evidence from French students

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  • Christian Ben Lakhdar

    (LEM - Lille - Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR8179 - Université Lille 1 - Sciences et Technologies - Fédération Universitaire et Polytechnique de Lille, Université Catholique de Lille - Université Catholique de Lille)

  • Grégoire Cauchie

    ()
    (LEM - Lille - Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR8179 - Université Lille 1 - Sciences et Technologies - Fédération Universitaire et Polytechnique de Lille, Université Catholique de Lille - Université Catholique de Lille)

  • Nicolas Gérard Vaillant

    (LEM - Lille - Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR8179 - Université Lille 1 - Sciences et Technologies - Fédération Universitaire et Polytechnique de Lille, Université Catholique de Lille - Université Catholique de Lille)

  • François-Charles Wolff

    (LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - Université de Nantes : EA4272, INED - Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques Paris - INED)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the smoking behavior of students aged from 18 to 25 using four cross-section data sets collected in France from 1997 to 2006. We focus on the role played by student income and parental resources. We find that both the probability of smoking and the number of cigarettes smoked are positively correlated to family resources. Among students, only wages earned and transfers received from parents increase smoking participation. However, sensitivity to income remains weak since a rise of 1% in income of either the students or their parents leads to an increase in smoking prevalence of about 0.15-0.20%.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00694336.

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Date of creation: 04 May 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00694336

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Keywords: cigarette smoking ; students ; income effects;

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  1. Who, 2011. "WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco," University of California at San Francisco, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education qt5np8p434, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, UC San Francisco.
  2. Joseph Altonji & Hidehiko Ichimura & Taisuke Otsu, 2008. "Estimating derivatives in nonseparable models with limited dependent variables," CeMMAP working papers CWP20/08, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  3. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  4. Barnet-Verzat, Christine & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Motives for pocket money allowance and family incentives," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 339-366, June.
  5. Joseph G. Altonji & Fumio Hayashi & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1995. "Parental Altruism and Inter Vivos Transfers: Theory and Evidence," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development 65, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
  6. Griesbach, Dawn & Amos, Amanda & Currie, Candace, 2003. "Adolescent smoking and family structure in Europe," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 41-52, January.
  7. Glendinning, Anthony & Shucksmith, Janet & Hendry, Leo, 1994. "Social class and adolescent smoking behaviour," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 1449-1460, May.
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