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Instruments économiques, justification et normes de justice : le cas de la politique climatique

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Author Info

  • Olivier Godard

    (Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7176 - Polytechnique - X)

Abstract

Les instruments de politique publique engagent plus qu'eux-mêmes. Ils ont à passer par un processus politique de conception et d'adoption qui en façonne les propriétés, souvent loin des attentes projetées sur ces instruments par l'analyse économique. L'étude de la coordination internationale autour de l'enjeu climatique révèle ainsi que le choix d'un instrument peut décider de la qualification de la situation et déterminer les repères de justification pertinents, mais aussi qu'il reconfigure alors les problèmes de justice distributive à résoudre. Toute approche séquentielle linéaire de la construction d'un régime instrumental voulu " juste et efficace " est alors vaine. En parallèle l'échec de la contribution carbone en France montre comment une logique " civique " peut se saisir d'un instrument qui lui est étranger, car d'abord conçu en fonction de stricts repères " industrialo-marchands ", au point d'en provoquer l'avortement. La logique économique centrée sur l'efficacité ne voyait pas de différences là où la logique fiscale en voyait d'essentielles et d'injustifiables au nom de ses fondements civiques. Des suggestions sont formulées quant à la manière d'aborder cette imbrication.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00689762.

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Date of creation: 20 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00689762

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00689762
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Related research

Keywords: Instruments de politique; changement climatique; marché de permis; taxe carbone; justification; ordre civique;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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  1. Olivier Godard, 1990. "Environnement, modes de coordination et systèmes de légitimité : analyse de la catégorie de patrimoine naturel," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 215-242.
  2. Olivier Godard, 1989. "Jeux de natures : quand le débat sur l'efficacité des politiques publiques contient la question de leur légitimité," Post-Print halshs-00626705, HAL.
  3. Kverndokk, S., 1992. "Tradeable CO2 Emission Permits: Initial Distribution as a Justice Problem," Memorandum 23/1992, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
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