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Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities : An Application to Non-Tariff Measures

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  • John Christopher Beghin

    (Iowa State University - Iowa State University)

  • Anne-Célia Disdier

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)

  • Stéphan Marette

    (ECO-PUB - Economie Publique - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UMR0210 - AgroParisTech)

Abstract

We extend the trade restrictiveness index approach to the case of market imperfections and domestic regulations addressing them. We focus on standard-like non-tariff measures (NTMs) affecting cost of production and potentially enhancing demand by increasing product quality or reducing negative externalities. We apply the framework to the database of Kee et al. (2009) and derive ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) for NTMs. Half of the product lines affected by NTMs exhibit negative AVEs, indicating a net trade-facilitating effect of NTMs. Accounting for these effects significantly reduces previous measures of countries' trade policy restrictiveness obtained while constraining NTMs to be trade reducing.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE Working Papers with number hal-00961727.

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Date of creation: Sep 2014
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:hal-00961727

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Keywords: Non-tariff measures ; Externalities ; Ad valorem equivalents ; Trade restrictiveness indices;

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  1. Disdier, Anne-Célia & Marette, Stéphan, 2010. "The Combination of Gravity and Welfare Approaches for Evaluating Non-Tariff Measures," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb), CEPREMAP 1004, CEPREMAP.
  2. Anderson, James E & Neary, J Peter, 1992. "A New Approach to Evaluating Trade Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 683, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. John C. Beghin & Jean-Christophe Bureau & Sung Joon Park, 2003. "Food Security and Agricultural Protection in South Korea," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(3), pages 618-632.
  4. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 2003. "The Mercantilist Index of Trade Policy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 44(2), pages 627-649, 05.
  5. Peter Lloyd & Donald MacLaren, 2008. "An Estimated Trade Restrictiveness Index of the Level of Protection in Australian Manufacturing," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 41(3), pages 250-259, 09.
  6. Disdier, Anne-Celia & Fontagne, Lionel & Mimouni, Mondher, 2008. "AJAE Appendix: The Impact of Regulations on Agricultural Trade: Evidence from the SPS and TBT Agreements," American Journal of Agricultural Economics Appendices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 90(2), May.
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  9. Beghin, John C. & Roland-Holst, David & Van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, 1997. "Trade and Environment Linkages: Piecemeal Reform and Optimal Intervention," Staff General Research Papers, Iowa State University, Department of Economics 1478, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  10. Kee, Hiau Looi & Nicita, Alessandro & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2006. "Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5576, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Anderson, James E & Neary, J Peter, 1994. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of Trade Policy," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 8(2), pages 151-69, May.
  12. Ronald Fischer & Pablo Serra, 1998. "Standards and Protection," Documentos de Trabajo, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile 45, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  13. Liesbeth Colen & Miet Maertens & Johan Swinnen, 2012. "Private Standards, Trade and Poverty: GlobalGAP and Horticultural Employment in Senegal," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(8), pages 1073-1088, 08.
  14. Chau, Nancy H. & Fare, Rolf & Grosskopf, Shawna, 2007. "Trade Restrictiveness and Pollution," Working Papers, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management 127016, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
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  16. Copeland Brian R., 1994. "International Trade and the Environment: Policy Reform in a Polluted Small Open Economy," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 44-65, January.
  17. Peter Lloyd & Donald MacLaren, 2007. "A Trade Restrictiveness Index of theLevel of Protection in Australian Manufacturing," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series, The University of Melbourne 1024, The University of Melbourne.
  18. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 2005. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of International Trade Policy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012200, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Bo Xiong & John C. Beghin, 2013. "Disentangling Demand-Enhancing and Trade-Cost Effects of Maximum Residue Regulations," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 13-wp544, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.

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