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Environmentally friendly technologies transfers through trade flows from Japan to China - An approach by bilateral trade in environmental goods

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Author Info

  • Pauline Lacour

    ()
    (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II : EA4625)

  • Catherine Figuière

    ()
    (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II : EA4625)

Abstract

Cette contribution cherche à déterminer les transferts de technologies vertes inhérents aux importations chinoises en provenance du Japon. Toutefois, la quantification de ce type de transferts se heurte à un vide méthodologique et requiert l'établissement d'une liste de biens dont le commerce serait bénéfique à la qualité de l'environnement. De ce fait, sont considérés les échanges des biens listés par l'OCDE (2001) comme "environnementaux", comprenant d'une part des biens et technologies résolvant un problème environnemental précis (traitement des eaux usées, gestion des déchets solides, contrôle de la pollution de l'air...) et d'autre part, des biens dont la production, l'utilisation finale ou le processus de recyclage engendrent de moindre dégradations environnementales en comparaison des biens similaires. Afin d'analyser cette dynamique de transferts de technologies vertes, il est nécessaire dans un premier temps de préciser la relation entre commerce et diffusion technologique, puis entre commerce international et qualité de l'environnement à partir de la littérature (I). Le commerce international serait alors bénéfique pour la qualité de l'environnement, engendrant un effet technique lequel conduit à une modification des techniques de production vers des méthodes plus respectueuses de l'environnement. Dans un second temps, l'analyse empirique se scinde en deux étapes : d'une part, l'étude des échanges de biens environnementaux entre la Chine, le Japon et le reste du monde permet de déterminer des premières tendances de l'acquisition de technologies incorporées dans les biens importés. D'autre part, la mise en évidence d'une corrélation entre le déclin de l'intensité énergétique du produit intérieur brut (PIB) chinois et ses importations de biens environnementaux ainsi que sa participation au commerce international permet de valider cette notion de transferts de technologies vertes portés par les flux commerciaux internationaux (II).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00628832.

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Date of creation: 03 May 2011
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Publication status: Published - Presented, 4th Doctoral meeting of Montpellier, Faculté de Sciences économiques de Montpellier, 2011, Montpellier, France
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00628832

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00628832/en/
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Keywords: commerce international ; transfert de technologie ; gaz ; effet de serre ; technologie verte ; Japon ; Chine;

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References

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  1. Mielnik, Otavio & Goldemberg, Jose, 2002. "Foreign direct investment and decoupling between energy and gross domestic product in developing countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 87-89, January.
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