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Re-Orienting Compagnies's Hiring Behaviour : An Innovative 'Back-To-Work' Method in France

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  • Marie Salognon

    ()
    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université de Paris X - Nanterre)

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    Abstract

    Current ‘back-to-work' programmes, particularly in France, tend to be built on a concept of personal responsibility for (long-term) unemployment and follow an ‘adaptive' approach: improving the ‘employability' of the unemployed, which is seen as an individual capacity, independent of the work and evaluation context. Our contribution justifies an alternative approach to back-to-work initiatives, so that society's share of responsibilities for long-term unemployment and social exclusion is taken into account within a collective, emergent and context-related conception of employability. Our study is based on observation of an innovative back-to-work programme in France (IOD) which seeks to change employers' assessment and recruitment practices to help vulnerable candidates who are generally discriminated against when seeking work. This interventionist approach aims to alter the demand side of the labour market and bring about changes in companies' practices to encourage more stable jobs and reduce selectivity in hiring.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00429778.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Publication status: Published, Work Employment & Society, 2007, 21(4), 713-730
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00429778

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    Related research

    Keywords: back-to-work policies ; employability ; employers' evaluation methods ; interventionist approach ; labour quality ; long-term unemployment ; recruitment;

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    1. Coles, Melvyn & Masters, Adrian, 2000. "Retraining and long-term unemployment in a model of unlearning by not doing," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(9), pages 1801-1822, October.
    2. Dale T. Mortensen, 1977. "Unemployment insurance and job search decisions," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(4), pages 505-517, July.
    3. Lockwood, Ben, 1991. "Information Externalities in the Labour Market and the Duration of Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(4), pages 733-53, July.
    4. Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1987. "The Causes and Consequences of the Dependence of Quality on Price," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 1-48, March.
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