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Fiscalité, effets de voisinage et offre de travail au noir

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Author Info

  • Bernard Fortin

    (Département d'Economique - Université Laval)

  • Nadia Joubert

    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

  • Guy Lacroix

    (Département d'Economique - Université Laval)

Abstract

Ce papier examine l'impact de la fiscalité et du comportement de l'entourage sur la décision individuelle de travailler sur le marché régulier et sur le marché irrégulier. Un modèle théorique d'offre de travail est développé. Nous spécifions ensuite une fonction d'utilité quadratique afin d'imposer un minimum de structure aux préférences individuelles. Les estimations des paramètres de cette fonction d'utilité sont obtenus par la méthode du maximum de vraisemblance à information complète. Nous estimons un système d'équations simultanées comprenant en particulier les heures de travail sur chacun des deux marchés, le revenu ''virtuel'' hors-travail, le salaire net sur le marché régulier et le salaire espéré sur le marché irrégulier. Nous procédons aux estimations économétriques sur données individuelles canadiennes tirées d'une enquête menée en 1994. Nos résultats confirment l'hypothèse de comportement interdépendant dans le choix de l'activité et la présence d'interactions sociales dans les décisions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00178184.

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Date of creation: Jun 2002
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00178184

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00178184/en/
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Related research

Keywords: décision sous incertitude; économie souterraine; interdépendance des comportements; maximum de vraisemblance à information complète;

References

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  1. Blundell, Richard William & Ham, John & Meghir, Costas, 1987. "Unemployment and Female Labour Supply," CEPR Discussion Papers 149, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Ransom, Michael R, 1987. "An Empirical Model of Discrete and Continuous Choice in Family Labor Supply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(3), pages 465-72, August.
  3. Cogan, John F, 1981. "Fixed Costs and Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 945-63, June.
  4. Mroz, Thomas A, 1987. "The Sensitivity of an Empirical Model of Married Women's Hours of Work to Economic and Statistical Assumptions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 765-99, July.
  5. Lemieux, Thomas & Fortin, Bernard & Frechette, Pierre, 1994. "The Effect of Taxes on Labor Supply in the Underground Economy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 231-54, March.
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  8. Phaneuf, Daniel J. & Kling, Catherine L. & Herriges, Joseph A., 2000. "Estimation and Welfare Calculations in a Generalized Corner Solution Model with an Application to Recreation Demand," Staff General Research Papers 1355, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  9. Sandmo, Agnar, 1981. "Income tax evasion, labour supply, and the equity--efficiency tradeoff," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 265-288, December.
  10. Charles F. Manski, 1996. "Identification of Anonymous Endogenous Interactions," Working Papers 96-04-019, Santa Fe Institute.
  11. Jerry A. Hausman, 1980. "The effect of wages, taxes, and fixed costs on women's labor force participation," NBER Chapters, in: Econometric Studies in Public Finance, pages 161-194 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Woittiez, I. & Kapteyn, A., 1997. "Social interactions and habit formation in a model of female labor supply," Discussion Paper 1997-41, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  13. Blundell, Richard W & Smith, Richard J, 1989. "Estimation in a Class of Simultaneous Equation Limited Dependent Variable Models," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(1), pages 37-57, January.
  14. Cowell, Frank A., 1985. "Tax evasion with labour income," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 19-34, February.
  15. Aronsson, Thomas & Blomquist, Sören & Sacklén, Hans, 1998. "Identifying Interdependent Behavior in an Empirical Model of Labor Supply," Working Paper Series 147, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  16. Lacroix, Guy & Fortin, Bernard, 1992. "Utility-Based Estimation of Labour Supply Functions in the Regular and Irregular Sectors," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(415), pages 1407-22, November.
  17. Newey, Whitney K, 1990. "Efficient Instrumental Variables Estimation of Nonlinear Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(4), pages 809-37, July.
  18. Charles F. Manski, 2000. "Economic Analysis of Social Interactions," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 115-136, Summer.
  19. Akerlof, George A & Dickens, William T, 1982. "The Economic Consequences of Cognitive Dissonance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 307-19, June.
  20. Rosen, Harvey S, 1976. "Taxes in a Labor Supply Model with Joint Wage-Hours Determination," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(3), pages 485-507, May.
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  22. McDonald, John F & Moffitt, Robert A, 1980. "The Uses of Tobit Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 62(2), pages 318-21, May.
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