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Les conditions de transposition des institutions de marché dans les économies en transition (Russie) : le cas de l'énergie

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  • Catherine Locatelli

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    (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : FRE2664 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)

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    Abstract

    Les approches standard de la " transition économique ", essentiellement d'inspiration néo-classique, tendent à induire une définition spécifique des institutions qui se trouvent réduites à un certain nombre de règles formelles. Ainsi, il s'agissait pour l'Etat d'initier un processus de transformation à partir d'un changement des institutions formelles, les agents économiques étant sensés modifier leurs comportements par rapport à ces nouvelles règles. Les nouveaux " modèles institutionnels " de l'économie de marché en l'occurrence l'entreprise privée de type capitaliste, structurée autour d'une forme d'organisation en M devaient conduire à des comportements d'efficience et de recherche de la rentabilité. Toute autre est la situation aujourd'hui. La plupart des institutions de l'économie de marché existent aujourd'hui en Russie mais celles ci ne " mordent " pas ou de manière très particulière dans le tissu économique russe. On assiste, de fait, à des modes d'appropriation particuliers de ces institutions, définissant des comportements orientés par les logiques de survie. Ces modes d'appropriation sont fonction des institutions informelles, coutume, habitudes, routines, normes, apprentissage découlant des pratiques individuelles issus de l'économie planifiée, c'est-à-dire du " contrat social implicite " en vigueur.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00177802.

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    Date of creation: 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00177802

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    Related research

    Keywords: SYSTEME INSTITUTIONNEL ; INDUSTRIE ENERGETIQUE ; TRANSITION ECONOMIQUE ; RUSSIE;

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    1. Opitz, Petra, 2000. "The (pseudo-) liberalisation of Russia's power sector: the hidden rationality of transformation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 147-155, March.
    2. Nee, Victor, 1998. "Norms and Networks in Economic and Organizational Performance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 85-89, May.
    3. Mathilde Mesnard, 1999. "Emergence des groupes et Corporate Governance en Russie," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, CEPII research center, issue 77, pages 131-160.
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