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Business Demography Dynamics in Portugal: A Non-Parametric Survival Analysis

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  • Alcina Nunes

    ()
    (ESTG, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança and GEMF/Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal)

  • Elsa Sarmento

    (Departamento de Economia e Gestão da Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal)

Abstract

We address the post-entry performance of new Portuguese firms by investigating the structural characteristics of the hazard and survival functions, using non-parametric survival analysis. In order to approach prevalence of some stylized facts and determinants of new firm survival, we produced a new entrepreneurship database, using the administrative data of Quadros de Pessoal, following the Eurostat/OECD´s internationally comparable business demography methodology. This allowed the computation of a comprehensive array of entrepreneurship indicators on employer enterprise and survival dynamics in Portugal, over a period of 18 years, disaggregated in dimensions such as sectors, regions and size classes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra in its series GEMF Working Papers with number 2010-09.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gmf:wpaper:2010-09

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Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Business Demography; Business Survival; Performance Determinants; Micro-data.;

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References

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  1. Mata, Jose & Portugal, Pedro & Guimaraes, Paulo, 1995. "The survival of new plants: Start-up conditions and post-entry evolution," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 459-481, December.
  2. Giorgia Giovannetti & Giorgio Ricchiuti & Margherita Velucchi, 2007. "Size, Innovation and Internationalization: A Survival Analysis of Italian Firms," Working Papers - Economics, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa wp2007_07, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
  3. Zoltan Acs & Sameeksha Desai & Leora Klapper, 2008. "What does “entrepreneurship” data really show?," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 265-281, October.
  4. Luís Cabral, 2007. "Small firms in Portugal: a selective survey of stylized facts, economic analysis, and policy implications," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 65-88, April.
  5. Mata, Jose, 1993. "Entry and type of entrant : Evidence from Portugal," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 101-122, March.
  6. Stefano Scarpetta & Philip Hemmings & Thierry Tressel & Jaejoon Woo, 2002. "The Role of Policy and Institutions for Productivity and Firm Dynamics: Evidence from Micro and Industry Data," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 329, OECD Publishing.
  7. Audretsch, David B & Mahmood, Talat, 1995. "New Firm Survival: New Results Using a Hazard Function," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 77(1), pages 97-103, February.
  8. Audretsch, David B. & Santarelli, Enrico & Vivarelli, Marco, 1999. "Start-up size and industrial dynamics: some evidence from Italian manufacturing," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(7), pages 965-983, October.
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  10. Cabral, Luís M B & Mata, José, 2001. "On the Evolution of the Firm Size Distribution: Facts and Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3045, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Klapper, Leora & Amit, Raphael & Guillen, Mauro F. & Quesada, Juan Manuel, 2007. "Entrepreneurship and firm formation across countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4313, The World Bank.
  12. Mata, Jose & Machado, Jose A. F., 1996. "Firm start-up size: A conditional quantile approach," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1305-1323, June.
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  14. Klapper, Leora & Delgado, Juan Manuel Quesada, 2009. "The impact of the business environment on the business creation process," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4937, The World Bank.
  15. Sanghoon Ahn, 2001. "Firm Dynamics and Productivity Growth: A Review of Micro Evidence from OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 297, OECD Publishing.
  16. Eric Bartelsman & Stefano Scarpetta & Fabiano Schivardi, 2005. "Comparative analysis of firm demographics and survival: evidence from micro-level sources in OECD countries," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(3), pages 365-391, June.
  17. Paloma López-García & Sergio Puente, 2006. "Business demography in Spain: determinants of firm survival," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers, Banco de Espa�a 0608, Banco de Espa�a.
  18. Geroski, P. A., 1995. "What do we know about entry?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 421-440, December.
  19. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
  20. Arnab Bhattacharjee, 2005. "Models of Firm Dynamics and the Hazard Rate of Exits: Reconciling Theory and Evidence using Hazard Regression Models," Econometrics, EconWPA 0503021, EconWPA.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Elsa Sarmento & Alcina Nunes, 2010. "Comparative Survival Analysis of Firms: the case of the Portuguese North region," Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers), Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro 53, Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro.
  2. Henryk Gurgul & Roland Mestel & Robert Syrek, 2013. "The testing of causal stock returns-trading volume dependencies with the aid of copulas," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 21-44.
  3. Henryk Gurgul & Machno Artur & Roland Mestel, 2013. "Modeling of returns and trading volume by regime switching copulas," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 45-64.
  4. Pawel Zajac, 2013. "The New Approach to estimation of the Hazard Function in Business Demography on example of Data from New Zealand," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 99-110.
  5. Alcina Nunes & Elsa de Morais Sarmento, 2010. "Business Survival in Portuguese Regions," GEMF Working Papers, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra 2010-22, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  6. Elsa de Morais Sarmento & Alcina Nunes, 2011. "Criação de empresas em Portugal e Espanha: análise comparativa com base nos dados do Banco Mundial," GEE Papers, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia e da Inovação 0036, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia e da Inovação, revised May 2011.
  7. Henryk Gurgul & Marcin Suder, 2013. "Modeling of withdrawals from selected ATMs of the "Euronet" network," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 65-82.
  8. Elsa de Morais Sarmento & Alcina Nunes, 2012. "The Dynamics of Employer Entreprise Creation in Portugal Over the Last Two Decades: A Firm Size, Regional and Sectoral Perspective," Notas Económicas, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra, issue 36, pages 6-22, December.
  9. Joanna Duda, 2013. "The Role of Bank Credits in Investment Financing of the Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Sector in Poland," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 7-20.
  10. K. Liczmanska & A.M. Wisniewska, 2013. "A strong brand as a determinant of purchase the case of sectors, where advertising in mass media is banned – on the example of the Polish spirits sector," Managerial Economics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Management, vol. 13, pages 83-98.

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