Population density, migration, and the returns to human capital and land: Highlights from Indonesia
AbstractRapid population growth in many developing countries has raised concerns regarding food security and household welfare. To understand the consequences of population growth on in the general equilibrium setting, we examine the dynamics of population density and its impacts on household outcomes using panel data from Indonesia. More specifically we explicitly highlight the importance of migration to urban sectors in the analysis. Empirical results show that human capital in the household determines the effect of increased population density on per capita household consumption expenditure. The effect of population density is positive if the average educational attainment is high (above junior high school), while it is negative otherwise.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series IFPRI discussion papers with number 1271.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Population growth; Migration; Land ownership; Rural economy; economic growth; Education; High value agriculture; Land rights; rural areas;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-08-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-08-16 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2013-08-16 (Development)
- NEP-EDU-2013-08-16 (Education)
- NEP-FDG-2013-08-16 (Financial Development & Growth)
- NEP-MIG-2013-08-16 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-SEA-2013-08-16 (South East Asia)
- NEP-SPO-2013-08-16 (Sports & Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-08-16 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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