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New challenges in the cassava transformation in Nigeria and Ghana:

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  • Nweke, Felix
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    Abstract

    "This paper describes the dramatic cassava transformation that has taken place in Nigeria and Ghana over the past 50 years. From a rural subsistence crop, cassava has become a major cash crop sold in urban markets, a source of livestock feed, industrial starch and urban convenience foods. This paper documents the key factors driving the cassava transformation in Nigeria and Ghana. Differences in timing, promotional efforts and performance provide an instructive contrast which helps to identify key factors necessary for stimulating significant growth in cassava production elsewhere....In Nigeria and Ghana, four key factors are driving the cassava transformation. First, the IITA's new high-yielding Tropical Manioc Selection (TMS) varieties boosted cassava yield by 40 percent without fertilizer application. Second, high consumer demand for cassava by rural and urban households fueled the producer incentive to plant more land to cassava. Third, the use of the mechanical grater to prepare gari released labor, especially female labor, from processing for planting more cassava. Fourth, the Africa-wide biological control program averted the devastating cassava mealybug epidemic." Authors' Abstract

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series EPTD discussion papers with number 118.

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    Date of creation: 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:fpr:eptddp:118

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    Keywords: Transformation;

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    1. Felix I. Nweke, 1978. "Agricultural Credit In Ghana: Priorities And Needs For Domestic Food Production," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 26(3), pages 38-46, November.
    2. D. Gale Johnson, 2000. "Population, Food, and Knowledge," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 1-14, March.
    3. Ifpri, 1976. "Meeting food needs in the developing world: the location and magnitude of the task in the next decade," Research reports 1, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Scott, Gregory J. & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Ringler, Claudia, 2000. "Roots and tubers for the 21st century," 2020 vision briefs 66, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Haggblade, Steven & Tembo, Gelson, 2003. "Conservation farming in Zambia:," EPTD discussion papers 108, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Michael Johnson & William Masters, 2004. "Complementarity and sequencing of innovations: new varieties and mechanized processing for cassava in West Africa," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 19-31.
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    Cited by:
    1. Umeh, Joseph Chinedu & Asogwa, B.C., 2005. "Farm Management Dividends in a Friendly Policy Environment: The Case of Cassava Industry in Nigeria," 15th Congress, Campinas SP, Brazil, August 14-19, 2005 24268, International Farm Management Association.
    2. Rudi, Nderim & Norton, George W. & Alwang, Jeffrey Roger & Asumugha, Godwin N., 2010. "Economic impact analysis of marker-assisted breeding for resistance to pests and post harvest deterioration in cassava," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 4(2), June.
    3. Chandra, Vandana & Osorio Rodarte, Israel, 2007. "Options for Export Diversification and Faster Export Growth in Ghana," MPRA Paper 18539, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. World Bank, 2007. "Ghana - Meeting the Challenge of Accelerated and Shared Growth : Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 1. Background Papers," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7661, The World Bank.

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