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Credit quantity and credit quality: bank competition and capital accumulation

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  • Nicola Cetorelli
  • Pietro F. Peretto

Abstract

This paper shows that bank competition has an intrinsically ambiguous effect on capital accumulation and economic growth. We further demonstrate that banking market structure can be responsible for the emergence of development traps in economies that would otherwise be characterized by unique steady-state equilibria. These predictions explain the conflicting evidence gathered from recent empirical studies of how bank competition affects the real economy. Our results were obtained by developing a dynamic general-equilibrium model of capital accumulation in which banks operate in a Cournot oligopoly. The presence of more banks leads to a higher quantity of credit available to entrepreneurs, but also to diminished incentives to screen loan applicants and thus to poorer capital allocation. We also show that conditioning on economic parameters describing the quality of the entrepreneurial population resolves the theoretical ambiguity. In economies where the average prospective entrepreneur is of low credit quality and where screening would therefore be especially beneficial, less competition leads to higher capital accumulation. The opposite is true when entrepreneurs are innately of higher credit quality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of New York in its series Staff Reports with number 375.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:375

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Keywords: Bank competition ; Banking structure;

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Cited by:
  1. Löffler, Clemens & Pfeiffer, Thomas, 2013. "Centralized versus Decentralized External Financing, Winner Picking and Corporate Socialism," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79902, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  2. Uluc Aysun & Ralf Hepp, 2014. "A comparison of the internal and external determinants of global bank loans: Evidence from bilateral cross-country data," Working Papers 2014-01, University of Central Florida, Department of Economics.
  3. Owen, Ann L. & Temesvary, Judit, 2014. "Heterogeneity in the growth and finance relationship: How does the impact of bank finance vary by country and type of lending?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 275-288.

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