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Fiscal devaluations

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  • Emmanuel Farhi
  • Gita Gopinath
  • Oleg Itskhoki

Abstract

The authors show that even when the exchange rate cannot be devalued, a small set of conventional fiscal policy instruments can robustly replicate the real allocations attained under a nominal exchange rate devaluation in a standard New Keynesian open economy environment. They perform the analysis under alternative pricing assumptions—producer or local currency pricing along with nominal wage stickiness, under alternative asset market structures, and for anticipated and unanticipated devaluations. There are two types of fiscal policies equivalent to an exchange rate devaluation: one, a uniform increase in the import tariff and export subsidy, and two, an increase in the value-added tax and a uniform reduction in the payroll tax. When the devaluations are anticipated, these policies need to be supplemented with a reduction in the consumption tax and an increase in income taxes. These policies have zero impact on fiscal revenues. In certain cases equivalence requires in addition a partial default on foreign bondholders. They discuss the issues regarding implementation of these policies, in particular in the case of a currency union.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Boston in its series Working Papers with number 12-10.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedbwp:12-10

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Keywords: Fiscal policy ; Foreign exchange rates;

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References

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  1. Bénassy-Quéré, Agnès & Carré, Martine & Andrade, Philippe, 2010. "Competition and pass-through on international markets: Firm-level evidence from VAT shocks," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/11165, Paris Dauphine University.
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  3. Emmanuel Farhi & Isabel Correia & Juan Pablo Nicolini & Pedro Teles, . "Unconventional Fiscal Policy at the Zero Bound," Working Paper 20945, Harvard University OpenScholar.
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  9. Devereux, Michael B. & Engel, Charles, 2007. "Expenditure switching versus real exchange rate stabilization: Competing objectives for exchange rate policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(8), pages 2346-2374, November.
  10. Stephan Danninger & Alina Carare, 2008. "Inflation Smoothing and the Modest Effect of VAT in Germany," IMF Working Papers 08/175, International Monetary Fund.
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  13. Staiger, Robert W. & Sykes, Alan O., 2010. "‘Currency manipulation’ and world trade," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(04), pages 583-627, October.
  14. Carbonnier, Clement, 2007. "Who pays sales taxes? Evidence from French VAT reforms, 1987-1999," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(5-6), pages 1219-1229, June.
  15. Correia, Maria Isabel Horta & Nicolini, Juan Pablo & Teles, Pedro, 2003. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Equivalence Results," CEPR Discussion Papers 3730, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  16. Michael B. Devereux & Alan Sutherland, 2008. "Country Portfolios in Open Economy Macro Models," NBER Working Papers 14372, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Eitan Berglas, 1974. "Devaluation, Monetary Policy, and Border Tax Adjustments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 7(1), pages 1-11, February.
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  1. TVA sociale, tu perds ton sang-froid
    by Benjamin Ting in Economiam on 2012-11-06 20:41:00
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