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Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Equivalence Results

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  • Isabel Horta Correia
  • Juan Pablo Nicolini
  • Pedro Teles

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the implications of price setting restrictions for the conduct of cyclical fiscal and monetary policy. We consider an environment with monopolistic competitive firms, a shopping time technology, prices set one period in advance, and government expenditures that must be financed with distortionary taxes. We show that the sets of (frontier) implementable allocations are the same independently of the degree of price stickiness. Furthermore, the sets of policies that decentralize each allocation are also the same except in the extreme cases of flexible and sticky prices, where the sets are larger but still include that common set of policies. In this sense we establish an irrelevance or equivalence of environments. We also describe the minimal set of instruments, in the different environments, and thus discuss equivalence and neutrality of fiscal and monetary instruments. In particular we show that state contingent debt is not necessary, provided there are both consumption and labor income taxes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department in its series Working Papers with number w200303.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w200303

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  1. Robert E. Lucas Jr. & Nancy L. Stokey, 1982. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in an Economy Without Capital," Discussion Papers 532, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  2. Clarida, Richard & Galí, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers 2139, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Bernardino Adao & Isabel Correia & Pedro Teles, 2003. "Gaps and Triangles," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(4), pages 699-713, October.
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  5. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy Under Sticky Prices," Departmental Working Papers 200105, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  6. Isabel Correia & Juan Pablo Nicolini & Pedro Teles, 2008. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy: equivalence results," Staff Report 403, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  7. Chari, V V & Christiano, Lawrence J & Kehoe, Patrick J, 1991. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Some Recent Results," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 519-39, August.
  8. Charles T. Carlstrom & Timothy S. Fuerst, 1998. "A Note on the Role of Countercyclical Monetary Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(4), pages 860-889, August.
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  25. Zhu, Xiaodong, 1992. "Optimal fiscal policy in a stochastic growth model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 250-289, December.
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  1. Más Política Monetaria No Convencional III: Política Fiscal
    by Jesús Fernández-Villaverde in Nada Es Gratis on 2010-09-14 21:46:59
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