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Cross-border Risk Transmission by a Multinational Bank

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Abstract

A model of international banking, with the stress on the specific management human capital (borrower monitoring) and the majority shareholder human capital (manager auditing) is used to study the effects of exogenous shocks in one country on credit creation in the other. I show that the presence of the two named categories of non-transferable skills in the banking technology reduces the role of the standard portfolio diversification motive for cross-border transmission of disturbances. At the same time, this bank-specific market friction creates a separate channel of shock propagation, a function of the bank shareholder and manager incentives. It can even happen that the exogenous shock impact on credit has a different sign in the “relationship“ as opposed to “arm’s length“ banking environment. This phenomenon, caused by the marginal effect of the manager human capital involvement in the bank operation, is present in the bank branches with relatively small loan volumes. When the loan volume is large, the direction of the manager-auditing bank reaction to shocks abroad is the same as that of an arm’s length lender.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies in its series Working Papers IES with number 85.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision: 2005
Handle: RePEc:fau:wpaper:wp085

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Keywords: multinational bank; managerial effort; audit; credit; foreign shock;

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References

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  1. Ralph de Haas & Iman van Lelyveld, 2003. "Foreign Banks and Credit Stability in Central and Eastern Europe: A Panel Data Analysis," DNB Staff Reports (discontinued) 109, Netherlands Central Bank.
  2. Lucy White & Alan D. Morrison, 2002. "Crises and Capital Requirements in Banking," OFRC Working Papers Series 2002fe05, Oxford Financial Research Centre.
  3. Repullo, Rafael, 2004. "Capital requirements, market power, and risk-taking in banking," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 156-182, April.
  4. Holthausen, Cornelia & Rønde, Thomas, 2004. "Cooperation in international banking supervision," Working Paper Series 0316, European Central Bank.
  5. Kenneth A. Froot & Jeremy C. Stein, 1996. "Risk Management, Capital Budgeting and Capital Structure Policy for Financial Institutions: An Integrated Approach," NBER Working Papers 5403, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Calzolari, Giacomo & Loranth, Gyongyi, 2005. "Regulation of multinational banks: a theoretical inquiry," Working Paper Series 0431, European Central Bank.
  7. Lóránth, Gyöngyi & Morrison, Alan, 2003. "Multinational Bank Regulation with Deposit Insurance and Diversification Effects," CEPR Discussion Papers 4148, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Cyril Monnet & Erwan Quintin, 2005. "Why do financial systems differ? History matters," 2005 Meeting Papers 275, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  9. Chan-Lau, Jorge A & Chen, Zhaohui, 2002. "A Theoretical Model of Financial Crisis," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(1), pages 53-63, February.
  10. Douglas W. Diamond & Raghuram G. Rajan, 1999. "A Theory of Bank Capital," NBER Working Papers 7431, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Douglas W. Diamond & Raghuram G. Rajan, 1999. "Liquidity Risk, Liquidity Creation and Financial Fragility: A Theory of Banking," NBER Working Papers 7430, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Dell'Ariccia, Giovanni & Marquez, Robert, 2004. "Information and bank credit allocation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 185-214, April.
  13. Kulpmann, Mathias, 2000. "Incentives in an international bank," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 10(3-4), pages 481-493, December.
  14. Diamond, Douglas W, 1984. "Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 393-414, July.
  15. Heston, Steven L. & Rouwenhorst, K. Geert, 1994. "Does industrial structure explain the benefits of international diversification?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 3-27, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Lukáš Vácha & Miloslav Vošvrda, 2005. "Heterogeneous Agents Model with the Worst Out Algorithm," Working Papers IES 91, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2005.
  2. Jan Kodera & Miroslav Vošvrda, 2005. "Production, Capital Stock and Price Dynamics in a Simple Model of Closed Economy," Working Papers IES 93, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2005.
  3. Kateřina Tsolov, 2005. "ADR/GDR Potential in Central Europe," Working Papers IES 92, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2005.
  4. Adam Geršl, 2005. "Political Economy of Public Deficit: Perspectives for Constitutional Reform," Working Papers IES 98, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2005.
  5. Tomáš Cahlík & Tomáš Honzák & Jana Honzáková & Marcel Jiřina & Natálie Reichlová, 2005. "Convergence of Consumption Structure," Working Papers IES 99, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2005.

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