A Theoretical Model of Financial Crisis
AbstractThe paper develops a new model of private debt financing with an inefficient financial system at its core, where inefficiency is characterized by costly loan monitoring. The model suggests a mechanism that generates the following series of events: a period of low capital inflow despite high rates of economic growth (capital inflow inertia), as observed in the take-off era in the Asian tiger economies; followed by a sudden acceleration of capital inflow (as seen in the 1990s); and then by a crisis, which is defined as a large reduction in the amount of loans intermediated by the financial system (i.e., a large capital outflow or credit crunch). Under certain conditions, financial crisis can occur even when economic fundamentals and market sentiment change only slightly. Unlike most credit rationing models, the results presented here do not hinge on the assumption of asymmetric information. The model also provides guidance about the appropriate policy responses to an imminent crisis. Copyright 2002 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Review of International Economics.
Volume (Year): 10 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0965-7576
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- Alexis Derviz, 2007.
"Cross-Border Risk Transmission by a Multinational Bank,"
Czech Economic Review,
Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, vol. 1(1), pages 87-111, March.
- Alexis Derviz, 2005. "Cross-border Risk Transmission by a Multinational Bank," Working Papers IES 85, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2005.
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- Shaffer, Sherrill & Hoover, Scott, 2008. "Endogenous screening, credit crunches, and competition in laxity," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 296-314, December.
- Berrak Buyukkarabacak & Stefan Krause, 2005. "Studying the Effects of Household and Firm Credit on the Trade Balance: The Allocation of Funds Matters," Emory Economics 0510, Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta).
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