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Un modèle d’équilibre général dynamique pour une petite économie ouverte avec des effets Balassa-Samuelson

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Author Info

  • Riadh El Ferktaji

    ()
    (IHEC de Carthage ECOFI)

  • Ferhat Mihoubi

    ()
    (Université d'Evry EPEE)

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    Abstract

    Pour rendre compte des chocs qui ont affecté l’économie Tunisienne durant les vingt dernières années, nous montrons dans un premier temps que des effets Balassa-Samuelson sont à l’oeuvre. Afin de reproduire les principaux faits stylisés, le modèle dynamique d’équilibre général bisectoriel (exposé et abrité) construit comporte, dans un contexte de concurrence monopolistique, des négociations salariales en présence d’une parfaite mobilité intersectorielle du travail et des rigidités nominales sur les prix. Ce modèle permet d’expliquer l’évolution du taux de change réel et des principaux agrégats. La forte dépréciation du taux de change réel en 1986-1988 peut être reproduit e par un choc négatif de demande mondiale et par une modération salariale durant le programme d’ajustement structurel. L’appréciation du taux de change réel qui a suivi serait pour sa part la conséquence de gains de productivité dans le secteur exposé et de la levée des quotas sur le textile.

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    File URL: http://epee.univ-evry.fr/RePEc/2006/06-07.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne in its series Documents de recherche with number 06-07.

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    Length: 58 pages
    Date of creation: 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:06-07

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    Related research

    Keywords: Effet Balassa-Samuelson; Equilibre général dynamique; Négociations salariales; choc de productivité;

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    8. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth S., 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," Scholarly Articles 12491026, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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