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Large shocks in menu cost models

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  • Karadi, Peter
  • Reiff, Adam

Abstract

How do prices react to large aggregate shocks? Our new micro-data evidence on value-added tax changes shows that prices react (i) flexibly and (ii) asymmetrically to large positive and negative shocks. We use it to quantitatively evaluate the performance of prominent pricing models. We show that standard time-dependent models are unable to reproduce either of these facts. A realistically calibrated state-dependent menu cost model, in contrast, is successful in matching the observed price responses. Its success lies in its ability to capture the exploding fraction of price changes for large shocks. The evidence facilitates comparison of different menu cost models and raises doubts on alternative pricing models with information or search frictions as sole reasons for price rigidity. JEL Classification: E31, E52

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1453.

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Date of creation: Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20121453

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Keywords: Inflation asymmetry; state-dependent pricing; time-dependent pricing; value-added tax shock;

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References

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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. When state-dependent pricing dominates time-dependent pricing
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2012-09-26 14:39:00
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Cited by:
  1. Markku Lanne, 2013. "Noncausality and Inflation Persistence," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1286, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  2. Emi Nakamura & J�n Steinsson, 2013. "Price Rigidity: Microeconomic Evidence and Macroeconomic Implications," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 5(1), pages 133-163, 05.

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