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Ownership, Foreign Investment and Productivity--A Case Study of the Automotive Industry in China

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  • Deqiang Liu

    (Tokyo Gakugei University, Renmin University of China)

  • Yanyun Zhao
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    Abstract

    It is widely believed that the enter of multinational automakers and the ownership reforms of native enterprises promoted the development of Chinas automotive industry in recent years, but no study has been conducted on its productivity. In this study, using micro-data on Chinas automakers from 1999 to 2004, we tried to elucidate the characteristics of the development of Chinas auto industry. According to the analysis results based on Cob-Douglas type production function, we found, 1) the rapid development of auto industries in China accompanies a rapid improvement in productivity from 1999-2004; 2) in Chinas auto industry, foreign-affiliated firms or foreign capital have overwhelming strength with regard to productivity; 3) the improvement in productivity of auto industry is not attributable to foreign-affiliated firms or foreign capital only, the contribution of state capital to productivity has risen gradually, and has approached that of non-state capital.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in its series Microeconomics Working Papers with number 21892.

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    Date of creation: Aug 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:eab:microe:21892

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    Keywords: productivity; auto industry; multinational automaker; ownership reform;

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    1. Jefferson, Gary & Hu, Albert G. Z. & Guan, Xiaojing & Yu, Xiaoyun, 2003. "Ownership, performance, and innovation in China's large- and medium-size industrial enterprise sector," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 89-113.
    2. Zheng, Jinghai & Liu, Xiaoxuan & Bigsten, Arne, 2003. "Efficiency, technical progress, and best practice in Chinese state enterprises (1980-1994)," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 134-152, March.
    3. Francois, Joseph & Spinanger, Dean, 2004. "Regulated Efficiency, World Trade Organization Accession and the Motor Vehicle Sector in China," CEPR Discussion Papers 4439, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Liu, Deqiang & Otsuka, Keijiro, 2004. "A Comparison of Management Incentives, Abilities, and Efficiency between SOEs and TVEs: The Case of the Iron and Steel Industry in China," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 52(4), pages 759-80, July.
    5. Jefferson, Gary H. & Rawski, Thomas G. & Zheng, Yuxin, 1996. "Chinese Industrial Productivity: Trends, Measurement Issues, and Recent Developments," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 146-180, October.
    6. Groves, Theodore & Yongmiao Hong & John McMillan & Barry Naughton, 1995. "China's Evolving Managerial Labor Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(4), pages 873-92, August.
    7. Jefferson, Gary H. & Rawski, Thomas G. & Li, Wang & Yuxin, Zheng, 2000. "Ownership, Productivity Change, and Financial Performance in Chinese Industry," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 786-813, December.
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