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State-Owned Enterprises, Exporting and Productivity in China: A Stochastic Dominance Approach

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  • Robert Elliott
  • Ying Zhou

Abstract

A popular explanation for China's rapid economic growth in recent years has been the dramatic increase in the number of private domestic and foreign-owned firms and a decline in the state-owned sector. However, recent evidence suggest that China's state-owned enterprise (SOEs) are in fact stronger than ever. In this paper we examine over 78,000 manufacturing firms between 2002 and 2006 to investigate the relationship between ownership structure and the degree of firm-level exposure to export markets and firm-level productivity. Using a conditional stochastic dominance approach we reveal that although our results largely adhere to prior expectations, the performance of state-owned enterprises differs markedly between those that export and those that supply the domestic market only. It appears that China's internationally focused SOEs have become formidable global competitors.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Birmingham in its series Discussion Papers with number 13-03.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bir:birmec:13-03

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Keywords: Productivity; China; firm-level; State-owned enterprise; heterogeneity; stochastic dominance;

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