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Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in six Latin American countries

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Author Info

  • Diego Battiston

    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP y CONICET)

  • Guillermo Cruces

    (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP y CONICET)

  • Luis Felipe Lopez Calva

    (United Nations Development Programme, Regional Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean)

  • Maria Ana Lugo

    (Department of Economics, University of Oxford)

  • Maria Emma Santos

    (Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), Oxford University and CONICET - Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina.)

Abstract

This paper presents empirical results of a wide range of multidimensional poverty measures for: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay, for the period 1992–2006. Six dimensions are analysed: income, child attendance at school, education of the household head, sanitation, water and shelter. Over the study period, El Salvador, Brazil, Mexico and Chile experienced significant reductions of multidimensional poverty. In contrast, in urban Uruguay there was a small reduction in multidimensional poverty, while in urban Argentina the estimates did not change significantly. El Salvador, Brazil and Mexico together with rural areas of Chile display significantly higher and more simultaneous deprivations than urban areas of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. In all countries, access to proper sanitation and education of the household head are the highest contributors to overall multidimensional poverty.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series CEDLAS, Working Papers with number 0090.

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Length: 66 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0090

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Web page: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/
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Keywords: Multidimensional poverty measurement; counting approach; Latin America; Unsatisfied Basic Needs; rural and urban areas.;

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References

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  1. Koen DECANCQ & María Ana LUGO, 2010. "Weights in multidimensional indices of well-being: an overview," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces10.06, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
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  6. Guillermo Cruces & Leonardo Gasparini, 2008. "A Distribution in Motion: The Case of Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0078, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
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  13. Leonardo Gasparini & Guillermo Cruces & Leopoldo Tornarolli & Mariana Marchionni, 2009. "A Turning Point? Recent Developments on Inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0081, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  14. Alkire, Sabina, 2002. "Dimensions of Human Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 181-205, February.
  15. Adriana Conconi & Andres Ham, 2007. "Pobreza Multidimensional Relativa. Una Aplicación a la Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0057, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  16. Maasoumi, Esfandiar & Lugo, Maria, 2006. "The Information Basis of Multivariate Poverty Assessments," Departmental Working Papers 0603, Southern Methodist University, Department of Economics.
  17. Juan Carlos Feres & Xavier Mancero, 2001. "El método de las necesidades básicas insatisfechas (NBI) y sus aplicaciones en América Latina," DOCUMENTOS DE INVESTIGACION 002525, CEPAL NACIONES UNIDAS.
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Cited by:
  1. Jorge Iván González, 2011. "Utilitarismo y mediciones de pobreza," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(25), pages 89-103, July-Dece.
  2. Gaston Yalonetzky, 2011. "Conditions for the Most Robust Poverty Comparisons Using the Alkire-Foster Family of Measures," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp044b, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  3. Jane Kabubo-Mariara & Anthony Wambugu & Susan Musau, 2011. "Multidimensional Poverty in Kenya: Analysis of Maternal and Child Wellbeing," Working Papers PMMA 2011-12, PEP-PMMA.
  4. Castro, Juan F. & Baca, Jessica & Ocampo, Juan P., 2010. "(Re)Counting the poor in Peru: a multidimensional approach," MPRA Paper 21977, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Gaston Yalonetzky, 2012. "Conditions for the most robust multidimensional poverty comparisons using counting measures and ordinal variables," Working Papers 257, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  6. Jorge Paz, 2014. "Pobreza multidimensional en la Argentina. Asimetrías regionales (Parte I)," Working Papers 11, Instituto de Estudios Laborales y del Desarrollo Económico (IELDE) - Universidad Nacional de Salta - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Jurídicas y Sociales.
  7. Edsel Beja & David Yap, 2013. "Counting Happiness from the Individual Level to the Group Level," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 114(2), pages 621-637, November.
  8. Sabina Alkire and Jose Manuel Roche, 2011. "Beyond Headcount: Measures that Reflect the Breadth and Components of Child Poverty," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp045, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  9. repec:ese:iserwp:2013-03 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Esteban Puentes & Alejandra Abufhele, 2011. "Poverty Transitions: Evidence for Income and Multidimensional Indicators," Working Papers wp333, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  11. Adriana Conconi, 2011. "Pobreza Multidimensional en Argentina: Ampliando las Medidas Tradicionales de Pobreza por Ingreso y NBI," Department of Economics, Working Papers 090, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

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