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El método de las necesidades básicas insatisfechas (NBI) y sus aplicaciones en América Latina

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  • Juan Carlos Feres

    ()

  • Xavier Mancero

Abstract

En América Latina, el método de las Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas (NBI)ha significado un importante aporte para la identificación de ciertas carencias críticas de la población y la caracterización de la pobreza. En la presente nota se hace una revisión de las principales características de dicho método, tanto en su forma más generalizada de aplicación como en las variantes propuestas en años recientes. Adicionalmente, se incluye un resumen de los indicadores utilizados en algunos mapas de pobreza construidos en un gran número de países de la región. Con base en la síntesis de las ventajas y desventajas del método NBI contenidas en el documento, las conclusiones del mismo apuntan a destacar especialmente su utilidad en cuanto instrumento de caracterización de la población en términos de la insatisfacción de determinadas necesidades básicas, más que como una metodología de medición de la pobreza propiamente tal.

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File URL: http://www.eclac.cl/publicaciones/Estadisticas/1/LCL1491P/lcl1491e.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEPAL NACIONES UNIDAS in its series DOCUMENTOS DE INVESTIGACION with number 002525.

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Length: 53
Date of creation: 28 Feb 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000140:002525

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Cited by:
  1. José Roche, 2013. "Monitoring Progress in Child Poverty Reduction: Methodological Insights and Illustration to the Case Study of Bangladesh," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 363-390, June.
  2. Sabina Alkire and Maria Emma Santos, 2013. "Measuring Acute Poverty in the Developing World: Robustness and Scope of the Multidimensional Poverty Index," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp059, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  3. Jimenez Restrepo, Diana Marcela, 2012. "La Satisfacción en el Empleo: Algunas consideraciones y algunas estadísticas para Colombia (2008 a 2011)," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 011023, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.
  4. Diego Battiston & Guillermo Cruces & Luis Lopez-Calva & Maria Lugo & Maria Santos, 2013. "Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 291-314, June.
  5. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7-8), pages 476-487, August.
  6. Sabina Alkire and Jose Manuel Roche, 2011. "Beyond Headcount: Measures that Reflect the Breadth and Components of Child Poverty," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp045, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  7. Santiago Tobón Zapata & Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mora, 2013. "Impuesto predial y desarrollo económico. Aproximación a la relación entre el impuesto predial y la inversión de los municipios de Antioquia," REVISTA ECOS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
  8. Mesa Callejas, Ramon Javier & Lopez Gonzalez, Mauricio & Gonzalez Henao, Jenifer, 2009. "Medición y características del mercado laboral del Municipio de Rionegro, Antioquia
    [Measurement and characteristics of labor market Rionegro, Antioquia]
    ," MPRA Paper 34507, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Sabina Alkire, 2011. "Multidimensional Poverty and its Discontents," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp046, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  10. Adriana Cardozo & Melanie Grosse, 2009. "Pro-Poor Growth Using Non-Income Indicators: An Empirical Illustration for Colombia," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 9, Courant Research Centre PEG.
  11. Jimenez Restrepo, Diana Marcela, 2012. "La Satisfacción en el Empleo: Algunas consideraciones y algunas estadísticas para Colombia (2008 a 2011)," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 011022, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.
  12. Sabina Alkire & Maria Santos, 2013. "A Multidimensional Approach: Poverty Measurement & Beyond," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 239-257, June.
  13. Jorge Paz, 2014. "Pobreza multidimensional en la Argentina. Asimetrías regionales (Parte I)," Working Papers 11, Instituto de Estudios Laborales y del Desarrollo Económico (IELDE) - Universidad Nacional de Salta - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Jurídicas y Sociales.
  14. Modrego, F. & Ramírez, E. & Yánez, R. & Acuña, D. & Ramírez, M. & Jara, E., 2011. "Dinámicas territoriales del Secano Interior de la Región de O’Higgins: Las fronteras de la transformación agroindustrial," Working papers 080, Rimisp Latin American Center for Rural Development.

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