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Pobreza Multidimensional no Brasil

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  • Ricardo Paes de Barros
  • Mirela de Carvalho
  • Samuel Franco
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    Abstract

    Poverty is necessarily a multidimensional concept. The need to rank countries, regions, neighbohoods, time periods, social groups even families requires, however, a scalar representation. A traditional solution has been to limit the concept of poverty to insufficient income. Recently, however, great emphasis has been given to the construction of scalar measures that take explicitly into consideration the multidimensional nature of poverty. However, several of theses indicators, as the Human Poverty Index (HPI) developed by United Nations Development Program (UNDP), share a severe inconvinience: They are not suited to provide estimates of the degree of poverty for each family, since they were originally designed to obtain estimates manily for countries and regions. In this study we aim to overcome this limitation, by introducing a scalar indicator specifically designed for estimating the degree of multidimensional poverty of each family from commonly available household surveys, like PNAD. This indicator was constructed to be additively separable as proposed by Chakravarty, Mukherjee and Ranade (1998).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1227.

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    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1227

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    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
    2. Sudhir Anand and Amartya Sen, 1994. "Human development Index: Methodology and Measurement," Human Development Occasional Papers (1992-2007) HDOCPA-1994-02, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
    3. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2005. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison Of Various Approaches," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(1), pages 145-174, 03.
    4. A. Atkinson, 2003. "Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 51-65, April.
    5. Zheng, Buhong, 1997. " Aggregate Poverty Measures," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(2), pages 123-62, June.
    6. Satya Chakravarty & Amita Majumder, 2005. "Measuring Human Poverty: A Generalized Index and an Application Using Basic Dimensions of Life and Some Anthropometric Indicators," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(3), pages 275-299.
    7. Duclos, Jean-Yves & Sahn, David & Younger, Stephen D., 2003. "Polarization: Robust Multidimensional Poverty Comparisons," Cahiers de recherche 0304, CIRPEE.
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