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Ökonometrische Verfahren zur Messung von Lohndiskriminierung: eine theoretische und empirische Studie

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  • Carsten Hundertmark
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    Abstract

    In Deutschland liegt der durchschnittliche Lohn einer weiblichen Arbeitskraft unter dem einer männlichen Arbeitskraft. Diese Lohnunterschiede werden in politischen Debatten manchmal als Anzeichen dafür gewertet, dass viele Unternehmer Frauen diskriminieren. Allerdings ist zu beachten, dass selbst auf einem Arbeitsmarkt ohne Diskriminierung unterschiedliche Menschen Löhne in unterschiedlicher Höhe erhalten würden. Das alleinige Beobachten von Lohnunterschieden zwischen großen Gruppen erlaubt keine Aussagen über die Gewichtigkeit der Diskriminierung. Bei sämtlichen vorgestellten Verfahren wird die Lohnlücke in einen durch unterschiedliche Humankapitalausstattungen erklärten Teil und einen unerklärten Teil, der als Maß für Diskriminierung interpretiert werden kann, zerlegt. Methodische Ansätze sind ebenso Gegenstand der nachfolgenden Ausführungen wie die Darstellung empirischer Ergebnisse, die sich auf den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt konzentrieren.

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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.421918.de/diw_sp0557.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 557.

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    Length: 40 p.
    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp557

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    Keywords: Arbeit; Geschlecht; Ökonometrie;

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    References

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    1. Hugo Nopo, 2003. "Matching as a Tool to Decompose Wage Gaps," Middlebury College Working Paper Series 0406, Middlebury College, Department of Economics.
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    9. Suen, Wing, 1997. "Decomposing Wage Residuals: Unmeasured Skill or Statistical Artifact?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages 555-66, July.
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