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Spatial externalities between Brazilian municipios and their neighbours

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  • Philippe De Vreyer

    ()
    (Université de Lille II, DIAL)

  • Gilles Spielvogel

    ()
    (DIAL, IEP-Paris)

Abstract

(english) Clustering of economic performance and growth in space has generated considerable research on the spillovers and linkages among geographical neighbours. In this paper, we study the growth process of a large sample of Brazilian municipalities for the period 1970-1996 and attempt to evaluate the spatial externalities at work among them. We estimate the convergence speed of per capita income among municipios and test whether spatial externalities are linked to local income growth. Conditionally on structural characteristics, we find evidence of convergence between municipios and of positive spatial dependence in growth. These two facts could help explain the persistent inequalities between municipios and the increasing clustering of poor localities in the Northeast region. _________________________________ (français) La concentration des revenus et de la croissance économique dans l'espace a suscité une littérature abondante sur les effets de débordements et les liens entre localités voisines. Dans ce papier, nous étudions le processus de croissance d'un large échantillon de municipalités brésiliennes durant la période 1970-1996 et tentons d'évaluer les externalités spatiales à l'oeuvre entre celles-ci. Nous estimons la vitesse de convergence du niveau de revenu par habitant des municipalités et testons la présence d'externalités spatiales liées à la croissance locale. Conditionnellement aux caractéristiques structurelles des municipalités, nos résultats indiquent la présence d'une convergence du revenu moyen par habitant ainsi que d'une dépendance spatiale positive de la croissance locale. Ces deux résultats permettent d'expliquer les inégalités persistantes entre les municipalités et la concentration croissante des localités pauvres dans la région Nord-Est.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2005/11.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200511

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Keywords: Local growth; convergence; spatial externalities; spatial econometrics; Brazil; Croissance locale; convergence; externalités spatiales; économétrie spatiale; Brésil;

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  12. Maria Abreu & Henri L.F. de Groot & Raymond J.G.M. Florax, 2004. "Space and Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-129/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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