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Demographic, Community and Macroeconomic Effects on Disability Grant Programme Participation

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  • George Mutasa

    ()
    (Development Policy Research Unit
    Researcher)

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the role of demographic, community and macroeconomic effects on Disability Grant programme (DGP) participation. The study descriptively analyses demographic patterns of the disability grant (DG) beneficiaries using data from the 2002 to 2007 rounds of the General Household Survey (GHS). The decision to participate in the programme is empirically examined by probit techniques using data drawn from the 2007 wave of the GHS. Not surprisingly, the results indicate that work disability is the largest significant predictor of DGP participation. Coloureds and Asian females have a higher likelihood of receiving disability benefits compared to Africans, as are older people compared to younger individuals. The results confirm that macroeconomic dynamics and DGP participation are negatively related. The probability of receiving disability benefits increases as the rate of unemployment increases. Community differences in geographical access to welfare offices and public transport facilities exert a substantial impact on receipt of disability benefits.

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    File URL: http://www.dpru.uct.ac.za/sites/default/files/sites/default/files/DPRU%20WP12-155.pdf
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    File Function: First version, 2012
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit in its series Working Papers with number 12155.

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    Length: 28 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2012
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Working Paper Series by the Development Policy Research Unit, December 2012, pages 1-28
    Handle: RePEc:ctw:wpaper:12155

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    Related research

    Keywords: Disability Grant; Programme participation; Probit;

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    References

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    1. Lim, So Yeong & Chen, Susan E. & Waldorf, Brigitte S., 2011. "Age Differences And Macroeconomic Effects On Food Stamp Program Participation," 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 103783, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Mitra, Sophie, 2010. "Disability Cash Transfers in the Context of Poverty and Unemployment: The Case of South Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(12), pages 1692-1709, December.
    3. Hilary Williamson Hoynes, 2000. "Local Labor Markets And Welfare Spells: Do Demand Conditions Matter?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(3), pages 351-368, August.
    4. So Yeong Lim & Susan E. Chen & Brigitte S. Waldorf, 2011. "Age Differences And Macroeconomic Effects On Food Stamp Program Participation," Working Papers 11-2, Purdue University, College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    5. Sophie Mitra, 2009. "Disability Screening and Labor Supply: Evidence from South Africa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 512-16, May.
    6. David C Ribar, 2000. "County-Level Estimates of the Employment Prospects of Low-Skill Workers," Working Papers 00-11, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    7. Standing Guy, 2008. "How Cash Transfers Promote the Case for Basic Income," Basic Income Studies, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-30, July.
    8. David C. Ribar & Marilyn Edelhoch & Qiduan Liu, 2010. "Food Stamp Participation among Adult-Only Households," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 244-270, October.
    9. Edmonds, Eric V., 2006. "Child labor and schooling responses to anticipated income in South Africa," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(2), pages 386-414, December.
    10. John M. Fitzgerald, 1995. "Local labor markets and local area effects on welfare duration," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(1), pages 43-67.
    11. Moffitt, Robert, 1983. "An Economic Model of Welfare Stigma," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 1023-35, December.
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