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Fédéralisme optimal en présence de gouvernements prédateurs

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  • Bruno VENTELOU

    (OFCE, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques)

Abstract

Cet article démontre sous son jeu d'hypothèses (notamment la présence de gouvernements prédateurs) que le découpage spatial de l'activité publique -recettes et dépenses- peut avoir une efficacité en terme de taux de croissance. Dans un premier temps, on traitera de l'organisation horizontale du pouvoir politique. Les avantages de la décentralisation dus à des effets de proximité seront limités par un phénomène de myopie spatiale propre aux « petits » centres régionaux. Ensuite, l'article s'interroge sur la portée de ses résultats, positifs ou normatifs ? Positivement, les propositions de l'article fournissent une explication des « frontières ». Mais du point de vue normatif, elles constituent plutôt un argument en faveur de l'abolition des frontières : en effet, l'instauration d'un « super-centre » hiérarchique, même prédateur, qui centraliserait et contrôlerait les décisions de régions fédérées (par libre consentement), peut réaliser un niveau de croissance supérieur; cette fois, c'est l'organisation verticale du pouvoir politique qui nous donne l'institution socialement efficace.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2000027.

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Length: 26
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2000027

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  1. Yingyi Qian & Barry R. Weingast, 1997. "Federalism as a Commitment to Reserving Market Incentives," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(4), pages 83-92, Fall.
  2. Barro, Robert J., 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogeneous Growth," Scholarly Articles 3451296, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Paul Krugman, 1998. "Space: The Final Frontier," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 161-174, Spring.
  4. Robert P. Inman & Daniel L. Rubinfeld, 1997. "Rethinking Federalism," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(4), pages 43-64, Fall.
  5. Alesina, Alberto & Perotti, Roberto, 1994. "The Political Economy of Growth: A Critical Survey of the Recent Literature," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 8(3), pages 351-71, September.
  6. Wärneryd, Karl, 1997. "Distributional Conflict and Jurisdictional Organization," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 173, Stockholm School of Economics.
  7. Guido Enrico Tabellini & Torsten Persson, 1991. "Growth, Distribution and Politics," IMF Working Papers 91/78, International Monetary Fund.
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Cited by:
  1. Santiago Lago-Peñas & Bruno Ventelou, 2006. "The Effects of Regional Sizing on Growth," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 127(3), pages 407-427, June.

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