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The Effect of Emigration from Poland on Polish Wages

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Author Info

  • Christian Dustmann

    ()
    (University College London and CReAM)

  • Tommaso Frattini

    ()
    (Università degli Studi di Milano, CReAM, LdA and IZA)

  • Anna Rosso

    ()
    (University College London and CReAM)

Abstract

This paper analyses the effect of emigration from Poland around the time of EU accession on the Polish labour market. We develop a simple model that guides our empirical specification and provides a clear interpretation for our estimates. Focussing on the 1998–2007 period for Poland, we use a unique data set that contains information about household members who are currently living abroad, which allows us to develop region-specific emigration rates and estimate emigration’s effect on wages using within-region variation. Our results show that emigration from Poland was largest for workers with intermediate-level skills and that it is wages for this skill group that increased most. We also show that emigration led to a slight increase in wages overall but that workers at the low end of the skill distribution made no gains and may actually have experienced slight wage decreases.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London in its series CReAM Discussion Paper Series with number 1229.

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Date of creation: Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:1229

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Keywords: Emigration; Wages; Impact.;

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  1. Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G., 2004. "International Migration in the Long-Run: Positive Selection, Negative Selection and Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 1304, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Mishra, Prachi, 2007. "Emigration and wages in source countries: Evidence from Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 180-199, January.
  3. Milo Bianchi & Paolo Buonanno & Paolo Pinotti, 2012. "Do Immigrants Cause Crime?," Working Papers, HAL halshs-00670036, HAL.
  4. Benjamin Elsner, 2011. "Emigration and Wages: The EU Enlargement Experiment," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2011.76, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  5. Tommaso Frattini, 2012. "Immigrazione," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, SIPI Spa, issue 3, pages 363-407, July-Sept.
  6. Pedersen, Peder J. & Pytlikova, Mariola & Smith, Nina, 2008. "Selection and network effects--Migration flows into OECD countries 1990-2000," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(7), pages 1160-1186, October.
  7. Abdurrahman Aydemir & George J. Borjas, 2007. "Cross-Country Variation in the Impact of International Migration: Canada, Mexico, and the United States," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 5(4), pages 663-708, 06.
  8. Dustmann, Christian, 1997. "Return migration, uncertainty and precautionary savings," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 295-316, April.
  9. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00586864 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. David Mckenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2004. "Network Effects and the Dynamics of Migration and Inequality: Theory and Evidence from Mexico," Working Papers, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics 2004-3, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
  11. Benjamin Elsner, 2010. "Does Emigration Benefit the Stayers? The EU Enlargement as a Natural Experiment. Evidence from Lithuania," Working Papers, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 2010.151, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
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