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A Two-Country Model of Renewable Resource Sharing

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In this paper, I investigate the sustainability of optimal cooperative policies for the replenishment of a renewable resource shared by two countries. If the development of these nations constitutes a threat to the common stock, under what conditions can a social best (a Pareto optimum) be sustainable? The question is addressed within a two-country neo-classical growth model with externality. In the worst scenario, the poorer country leaves the replenishment burden to the rich. International transfers are then non-existent. Nevertheless, in absence of a commitment mechanism, it is still possible to reach a social best provided the countries' patience, expressed by their discount factor, is high enough. The strategies that implement these Pareto optima are self-enforcing trigger-strategies that involve positive transfers of wealth between countries and a threat to autarky in case of defection. Sustainable Pareto optima are then identified in a specific case of environmental resource (clean air) and for a calibration of the model economies to the United States and a country five times poorer. An estimate of the transfers required to implement these social optima is provided.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal in its series Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers with number 41.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: May 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cre:crefwp:41

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Keywords: Renewable resources; pollution; neo-classical growth model; sustainable Pareto optima;

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Cited by:
  1. Pallage, Stephane & Zimmermann, Christian, 2007. "Buying out child labor," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 75-90, March.
  2. Hirazawa, Makoto & Saito, Koichi & Yakita, Akira, 2011. "Effects of international sharing of pollution abatement burdens on income inequality among countries," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1615-1625, October.
  3. Economides, George & Miaouli, Natasha, 2006. "Federal transfers, environmental policy and economic growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 680-699, December.

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