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Structural Development Accounting

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  • Gancia, Gino A
  • Müller, Andreas
  • Zilibotti, Fabrizio

Abstract

We construct and estimate a unified model combining three of the main sources of cross-country income disparities: differences in factor endowments, barriers to technology adoption and the inappropriateness of frontier technologies to local conditions. The key components are different types of workers, distortions to capital accumulation, directed technical change, costly adoption and spillovers from the world technology frontier. Despite its parsimonious parametrization, our empirical model provides a good fit of GDP data for up to 86 countries in 1970 and 122 countries in 2000. Removing barriers to technology adoption would increase the output per worker of the average non-OECD country relative to the US from 0.19 to 0.61, while increasing skill premia in all countries. Removing barriers to trade in goods amplifies income disparities, induces skill-biased technology adoption and increases skill premia in the majority of countries. These results are reverted if trade liberalization is coupled with international IPR protection.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 8254.

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Date of creation: Feb 2011
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:8254

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Keywords: Development Accounting; Directed Technology Adoption; Distance to Frontier; Inappropriate Technologies; Productivity; Skill-biased Technical Change; TFP differences;

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References

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  1. Acemoglu, Daron & Aghion, Philippe & Zilibotti, Fabrizio, 2002. "Distance to Frontier, Selection, and Economic Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 3467, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Alessandra Bonfiglioli & Gino Gancia, 2007. "North-South Trade and Directed Technical Change," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 713.07, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC), revised 27 Jun 2008.
  3. Jaume Ventura, 2005. "A global view of economic growth," Economics Working Papers 849, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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  7. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-63, July.
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  15. Daron Acemoglu & Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2010. "Competing engines of growth: innovation and standardization," IEW - Working Papers 483, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  16. Caselli, Francesco & Coleman II, Wilbur John, 2000. "The World Technology Frontier," CEPR Discussion Papers 2584, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Towards better growth accounting
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2011-01-18 14:23:00
Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
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Cited by:
  1. Jonathan Vogel & Javier Cravino & Ariel Burstein, 2011. "Importing Skill-Biased Technology," 2011 Meeting Papers 440, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Daron Acemoglu & Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2010. "Competing engines of growth: innovation and standardization," IEW - Working Papers 483, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  3. Harald Fadinger & Karin Mayr, 2012. "Skill-biased technological change, unemployment and brain drain," FIW Working Paper series 089, FIW.
  4. Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti & Daron Acemoglu, 2012. "Offshoring and Directed Technical Change," 2012 Meeting Papers 688, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. Gino Gancia, 2012. "Globalization, technology and inequality," Economics Working Papers 1363, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Nov 2012.
  6. German Cubas & B. Ravikumar & Gustavo Ventura, 2013. "Talent, labor quality, and economic development," Working Papers 2013-027, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

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