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Analyzing female labor supply: Evidence from a Dutch tax reform

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  • Nicole Bosch

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  • B. van der Klaauw

Abstract

This paper uses the exogenous variation caused by the Dutch tax reform of 2001 to investigate how married women react to financial incentives. Among OECD countries, the Netherlands has average female labor force participation, but by far the highest rate of part-time work. Our main conclusion is that the positive significant effect of the 2001 tax reform on labor force participation dominates the negative insignificant effect on working hours. Our preferred explanation is that women respond more to changes in tax allowances than to changes in marginal tax rates.

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Paper provided by CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis in its series CPB Discussion Paper with number 155.

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Date of creation: Aug 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cpb:discus:155

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  1. Heckman, James J, 1974. "Shadow Prices, Market Wages, and Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 42(4), pages 679-94, July.
  2. Blundell, Richard & Chiappori, Pierre-André & Magnac, Thierry & Meghir, Costas, 2005. "Collective Labour Supply: Heterogeneity and Nonparticipation," IDEI Working Papers, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse 373, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  3. Bruce D. Meyer & Dan T. Rosenbaum, 2001. "Welfare, The Earned Income Tax Credit, And The Labor Supply Of Single Mothers," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 116(3), pages 1063-1114, August.
  4. Soest, A.H.O. van & Woittiez, I.B. & Kapteyn, A.J., 1989. "Labour supply, income taxes and hours restrictions in the Netherlands," Discussion Paper, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research 1989-3, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  5. Emmanuel Saez, 2000. "Optimal Income Transfer Programs: Intensive Versus Extensive Labor Supply Responses," NBER Working Papers 7708, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Chiappori, P.A., 1989. "Collective Labour Supply and Welfare," DELTA Working Papers, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) 89-07, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  7. Aaberge, Rolf & Flood, Lennart, 2008. "Evaluation of an In-Work Tax Credit Reform in Sweden: Effects on Labor Supply and Welfare Participation of Single Mothers," IZA Discussion Papers 3736, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Imbens, Guido W & Angrist, Joshua D, 1994. "Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 62(2), pages 467-75, March.
  9. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock, 1994. "Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments," NBER Technical Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 0151, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Costas Meghir, 1998. "Estimating Labor Supply Responses Using Tax Reforms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 66(4), pages 827-862, July.
  11. Eissa, Nada & Hoynes, Hilary Williamson, 2004. "Taxes and the labor market participation of married couples: the earned income tax credit," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(9-10), pages 1931-1958, August.
  12. Richard Blundell & Thomas MaCurdy, 1998. "Labour supply: a review of alternative approaches," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W98/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  13. Eissa, Nada & Liebman, Jeffrey B, 1996. "Labor Supply Response to the Earned Income Tax Credit," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 111(2), pages 605-37, May.
  14. James H. Stock & Motohiro Yogo, 2002. "Testing for Weak Instruments in Linear IV Regression," NBER Technical Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 0284, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Kapteyn, A. & Soest, A.V. & Woittiez, I., 1989. "Labour Supply, Income Taxes And Hours Restrictions In The Netherlands," Papers, Tilburg - Center for Economic Research 8903, Tilburg - Center for Economic Research.
  16. Michiel Evers & Ruud Mooij & Daniel Vuuren, 2008. "The Wage Elasticity of Labour Supply: A Synthesis of Empirical Estimates," De Economist, Springer, Springer, vol. 156(1), pages 25-43, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Alison Booth & Jan Ours, 2013. "Part-time jobs: what women want?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 263-283, January.
  2. Edmark, Karin & Liang, Che-Yuan & Selin, Håkan & Mörk, Eva, 2012. "Evaluation of the Swedish earned income tax credit," Working Paper Series, Uppsala University, Department of Economics 2012:3, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  3. Bloemen, Hans, 2010. "Income Taxation in an Empirical Collective Household Labour Supply Model with Discrete Hours," IZA Discussion Papers 4697, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Nicole Bosch & Miriam Gielen & Egbert Jongen & Mauro Mastrogiacomo (DNB & CPB), 2013. "A structural analysis of labour supply elasticities in the Netherlands," CPB Discussion Paper, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis 235, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  5. Hans G. Bloemen, 2010. "Income Taxation in an Empirical Collective Household Labour Supply Model with Discrete Hours," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 10-010/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. van der Klaauw, Bas, 2014. "From Micro Data to Causality: Forty Years of Empirical Labor Economics," IZA Discussion Papers 8047, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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