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The Role Of Local Officials In New Democracies: Evidence From Indonesia

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  • Monica Martinez-Bravo

    ()
    (CEMFI, Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros)

Abstract

New democracies experience greater electoral fraud and more clientelistic spending than established democracies. This paper shows that the body of appointed local officials that a new democracy inherits from the previous regime is a key determinant of the extent of these practices. With a unique dataset from the first post-Soeharto election in Indonesia, I show that the alignment of electoral results between village and district levels is considerably stronger for villages with appointed village heads than for those with elected village heads. I present a model that provides an intuitive interpretation of these results: Appointed officials have stronger incentives to influence voters because of their political career concerns.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEMFI in its series Working Papers with number wp2013_1302.

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Date of creation: Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cmf:wpaper:wp2013_1302

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Keywords: Institutions; local elections; clientelism; new democracies.;

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  1. Matthew Ellman & Leonard Wantchekon, 1999. "Electoral competition under the threat of political unrest," Economics Working Papers 457, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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  4. Jean-Marie Baland & James A. Robinson, 2006. "Land and Power: Theory and Evidence from Chile," NBER Working Papers 12517, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Yang Yao & Nancy Qia & Monica Martinez Bravo & Gerard Padro i Miquel, 2011. "Do Local Elections in Non-Democracies Increase Accountability? Evidence from Rural China," Working Papers id:3931, eSocialSciences.
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  13. Skoufias, Emmanuel & Narayan, Ambar & Dasgupta, Basab & Kaiser, Kai, 2011. "Electoral accountability, fiscal decentralization and service delivery in Indonesia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5614, The World Bank.
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  16. Adi Brender & Allan Drazen, 2009. "Consolidation of New Democracy, Mass Attitudes, and Clientelism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 304-09, May.
  17. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521855266 is not listed on IDEAS
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Cited by:
  1. Monica Martinez-Bravo & Gerard Padró i Miquel & Nancy Qian & Yang Yao, 2012. "The Effects of Democratization on Public Goods and Redistribution: Evidence from China," NBER Working Papers 18101, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Monica Martinez-Bravo, 2014. "Educate To Lead? The Local Political Economy Effects Of School Construction In Indonesia," Working Papers wp2014_1404, CEMFI.
  3. Moricz, Sara & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 2014. "The Effect of Elections on Economic Growth: Results from a Natural Experiment in Indonesia," Working Paper Series 1023, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  4. Skoufias, Emmanuel & Narayan, Ambar & Dasgupta, Basab & Kaiser, Kai, 2014. "Electoral accountability and local government spending in Indonesia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6782, The World Bank.

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