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A comparative study of well-being for elders in Mexico and England

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    Abstract

    This paper establishes econometrically a clear connection between levels of happiness, health and cognition with their respective levels of income, using Mexican (MHAS) and English (ELSA) data. In general, elderly people increase their happiness with income, education, with a partner and when healthier, but decrease with unemployment and divorce. Mexican cognition ability and being indigenous impact negatively in happiness, but being white and more cognitive is better for the English. Physical health is better in both countries considering income, education, employment and mental health. A strong result is that depression and restlessness affect negatively physical health in general. English people seem to deteriorate health because of debts, but not the Mexicans. Elder Mexicans are severely punished in their health when living in consensual unions, but the English are the healthiest living under this family organization. Mental health, approximated with cognition ability, was the relationship with less significance. Divorcees in Mexico have more cognitive ability. Considering gender, we found happier men, but older and more cognitive women in general.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Cuerpo Académico 41 de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez in its series Estudios Regionales en Economía, Población y Desarrollo. Cuadernos de trabajo de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez. with number 9.

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    Length: pages 45
    Date of creation: 01 May 2012
    Date of revision: 09 Dec 2012
    Publication status: Published
    Handle: RePEc:cjz:ca41cj:9

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    Keywords: Well-being; elderly people; comparative studies; England; Mexico;

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    1. Cid, Alejandro & Ferrés, Daniel & Rossi, Máximo, 2010. "Helping to Unravel the Dynamics of Happiness among the Elderly in the Southern Cone," MPRA Paper 39915, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Alejandro Cid & Daniel Ferrés & Máximo Rossi, 2007. "Testing Happiness Hypothesis among the Elderly," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1207, Department of Economics - dECON.
    3. Philippa Clarke & Jacqui Smith, 2011. "Aging in a Cultural Context: Cross-national Differences in Disability and the Moderating Role of Personal Control Among Older Adults in the United States and England," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 66(4), pages 457-467.
    4. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew J. Oswald, 2011. "International Happiness," NBER Working Papers 16668, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Günther Fink, 2011. "Implications of Population Aging for Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 16705, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Hausman, Jerry A. & Taylor, William E., 1981. "Panel data and unobservable individual effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 155-155, May.
    7. Mark E Schaffer & Steven Stillman, 2006. "XTOVERID: Stata module to calculate tests of overidentifying restrictions after xtreg, xtivreg, xtivreg2, xthtaylor," Statistical Software Components S456779, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 02 Nov 2011.
    8. James Banks & Alastair Muriel & James P. Smith, 2010. "Attrition and Health in Ageing Studies: Evidence from ELSA and HRS," Working Papers 784, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
    9. John Strauss & Paul J. Gertler & Omar Rahman & Kristin Fox, 1993. "Gender and Life-Cycle Differentials in the Patterns and Determinants of Adult Health," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(4), pages 791-837.
    10. A. Colin Cameron & Pravin K. Trivedi, 2010. "Microeconometrics Using Stata, Revised Edition," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, number musr, March.
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