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L'économie des organisations : Mythes et réalités

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  • Marcel Boyer

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Abstract

The analysis of organizational change and particularly of its impacts on incentives is neither simple nor easy. We consider here four contexts (choosing a level of decentralization, choosing the level of responsibility for pollution damage, choosing a level of technological or organisational flexibility, chhosing an optimal level of inertia) to better understand the dangers of neglecting those impacts and illustrate the sometimes surprising results we may obtain from a rigorous and formal analysis of organizational contexts or situations broadly understood. L'analyse des impacts de changements organisationnels sur les incitations n'est ni simple ni facile. Nous considérons dans cet article l'analyse de ces impacts dans quatre contextes particuliers (le choix d'un niveau de décentralisation, le choix des règles de responsabilité dans le cadre du principe de pollueur-payeur, le choix d'un niveau de flexibilité technologique et organisationnelle, le choix d'un niveau optimal d'inertie dans une organisation) afin de mieux comprendre les dangers de négliger ces impacts et les résultats parfois surprenants que l'on peut obtenir suite à une analyse rigoureuse et formelle de situations et contextes organisationnels entendus au sens large.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 97s-02.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 1997
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Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:97s-02

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Keywords: Organizations; Incentives; Pollution; Flexibility; Inertia; Organisations; incitations; pollution; flexibilité; inertie;

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References

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  1. Jones, Robert A & Ostroy, Joseph M, 1984. "Flexibility and Uncertainty," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(1), pages 13-32, January.
  2. Marcel BOYER & Michel MOREAUX, 1989. "Uncertainty, Capacity and Flexibility: the Monopoly Case," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 15-16, pages 291-313.
  3. Vives, Xavier, 1989. "Technological competition, uncertainty, and oligopoly," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 386-415, August.
  4. Boyer, M. & Laffont, J.J., 1995. "Environmental Risks and Bank Liability," Cahiers de recherche 9501, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  5. Marcel Boyer, 1997. "Competition and Access in Telecoms: ECPR, Global Price Cap, and Auctions," CIRANO Working Papers 97s-03, CIRANO.
  6. Marcel Boyer & Tracy R. Lewis & Wei Lin Liu, 2000. "Setting standards for credible compliance and law enforcement," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 319-340, May.
  7. Roller, Lars-Hendrik & Tombak, Mihkel M, 1990. "Strategic Choice of Flexible Production Technologies and Welfare Implications," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 417-31, June.
  8. Philippe Aghion & Jean Tirole, 1994. "Formal and Real Authority in Organizations," Working papers 95-8, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  9. Marcel Boyer & Jacques Robert, 1996. "Ex Ante Incentives and Ex Post Flexibility," CIRANO Working Papers 96s-14, CIRANO.
  10. Kulatilaka, Nalin & Marks, Stephen Gary, 1988. "The Strategic Value of Flexibility: Reducing the Ability to Compromise," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(3), pages 574-80, June.
  11. Lars-Hendrik Röller & Mihkel M. Tombak, 1993. "Competition and Investment in Flexible Technologies," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(1), pages 107-114, January.
  12. Vives Xavier, 1993. "Information, Flexibility, and Competition," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 219-237, September.
  13. Marcel Boyer & Michel Moreaux, 1997. "Capacity Commitment versus Flexibility," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(1), pages 347-376, 06.
  14. George Stigler, 1939. "Production and Distribution in the Short Run," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47, pages 305.
  15. T. Randolph Beard, 1990. "Bankruptcy and Care Choice," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(4), pages 626-634, Winter.
  16. Marcel Boyer, 1991. "Leadership, Flexibility, and Growth," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 24(4), pages 751-73, November.
  17. Fine, Charles H. & Pappu, Suguna., 1990. "Flexible manufacturing technology and product-market competition," Working papers 3135-90., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  18. Marcel Boyer & Jean-Jacques Laffont, 1995. "Environmental Protection, Producer Insolvency and Lender Liability," CIRANO Working Papers 95s-50, CIRANO.
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