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The Agriculture of Mexico After Ten Years of Nafta Implementation

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  • Antonio Yunez-Naude
  • Fernando Barceinas Paredes

Abstract

The inclusion of the agrarian sector in the North American Foreign Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has created controversy since the beginning of negotiations. Mexico’s official vision has been that free trade, as well as agricultural reforms initiated in the country in the late eighties would transform the sector and increase national income; NAFTA opponents, on the other hand, claim that the Agreement has resulted in food dependency, massive rural migration and aggravated poverty. This paper present the main results of our econometric research on the true outcomes of nearly ten years into the NAFTA and around fifteen years of agrarian reforms, in terms of prices, trade and domestic agricultural production. Our findings suggest that the much-expected transformation of the Mexican agricultural sector has not occurred.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 277.

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Date of creation: Dec 2004
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:277

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  1. Antonio Yúnez Naude & Fernando Barceinas, 2000. "Efectos de la desaparición de la Conasupo en el comercio y en los precios de los cultivos básicos," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 15(2), pages 189-227.
  2. Ben-David, Dan & Papell, David H., 1997. "International trade and structural change," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 513-523, November.
  3. Antonio Yunez--Naude, 2003. "The Dismantling of CONASUPO, a Mexican State Trader in Agriculture," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(1), pages 97-122, January.
  4. Donald W.K. Andrews, 1990. "Tests for Parameter Instability and Structural Change with Unknown Change Point," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 943, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  5. Taylor, J. Edward & Yunez-Naude, Antonio & Hampton, Steve, 1999. "Agricultural Policy Reforms and Village Economies: A Computable General-Equilibrium Analysis from Mexico," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 453-480, July.
  6. Benjamin Davis & Sudhanshu Handa & Marta Ruiz-Arranz & Marco Stampini & Paul Winters, 2002. "Conditionality and the Impact of Programme Design on Household welfare: Comparing two diverse cash transfer programmes in rural Mexico," Working Papers 02-10, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
  7. de Janvry, Alain & Fafchamps, Marcel & Sadoulet, Elisabeth, 1991. "Peasant Household Behaviour with Missing Markets: Some Paradoxes Explained," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(409), pages 1400-417, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Antonio YUNEZ NAUDE & J. Edward TAYLOR, 2006. "The Effects Of Nafta And Domestic Reforms In The Agriculture Of Mexico: Predictions And Facts," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 23, pages 161-186.

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