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Poverty and Inequality and Social Policy in China

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  • Bingqin Li
  • David Piachaud
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    Abstract

    Despite prolonged economic growth, poverty has become a more notable and noted feature of Chinese society. The paper examines three phases of development since the foundation of the People's Republic: the central planning era (1949 -1978); the pro-urban growth model (1978 - 1999); and more recent changes (1999 - 2004). For each phase the nature of the economic and social policies are described and the effects on poverty and inequality are examined. The limitations of a social policy that is subservient to the economic strategy are considered. The alternative of a model of social development based on the livelihood approach is analysed and its potential to reduce poverty and inequality are considered.

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    File URL: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper87.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE in its series CASE Papers with number 087.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:cep:sticas:087

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    Web page: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/case/_new/publications/default.asp

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    Keywords: poverty; inequality; social policy; China; livelihoods; social development;

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    13. Banerjee, Abhijit V & Newman, Andrew F, 1993. "Occupational Choice and the Process of Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(2), pages 274-98, April.
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