Poverty and Inequality and Social Policy in China
AbstractDespite prolonged economic growth, poverty has become a more notable and noted feature of Chinese society. The paper examines three phases of development since the foundation of the People's Republic: the central planning era (1949 -1978); the pro-urban growth model (1978 - 1999); and more recent changes (1999 - 2004). For each phase the nature of the economic and social policies are described and the effects on poverty and inequality are examined. The limitations of a social policy that is subservient to the economic strategy are considered. The alternative of a model of social development based on the livelihood approach is analysed and its potential to reduce poverty and inequality are considered.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE in its series CASE Papers with number 087.
Date of creation: Nov 2004
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poverty; inequality; social policy; China; livelihoods; social development;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-02-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2006-02-26 (China)
- NEP-DEV-2006-02-26 (Development)
- NEP-SEA-2006-02-26 (South East Asia)
- NEP-TRA-2006-02-26 (Transition Economics)
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